[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 1]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 74_LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES SUBJECT TO CERTIFICATION--Table of
Sec. 74.302 Citrus Red No. 2.
(a) Identity. (1) The color additive Citrus Red No. 2 is principally
(2) The following diluents may be used in aqueous suspension, in the
percentages specified, to facilitate application to oranges in
accordance with paragraph (c)(1) of this section:
(i) Suitable diluents used in accordance with Sec. 73.1(a) of this
(ii) Volatile solvents that leave no residue after application to
(iii) Salts of fatty acids meeting the requirements of Sec. 172.863
of this chapter.
(iv) Sodium tripolyphosphate, not more than 0.05 percent.
(b) Specifications. Citrus Red No. 2 shall conform to the following
specifications and shall be free from impurities, other than those
named, to the extent that such other impurities may be avoided by good
Volatile matter (at 100 [deg]C.), not more than 0.5 percent.
Water-soluble matter, not more than 0.3 percent.
Matter insoluble in carbon tetrachloride, not more than 0.5 percent.
Uncombined intermediates, not more than 0.05 percent.
Subsidiary dyes, not more than 2.0 percent.
Lead (as Pb), not more than 10 parts per million.
Arsenic (as As), not more than 1 part per million.
Total color, not less than 98 percent.
(c) Uses and restrictions. (1) Citrus Red No. 2 shall be used only
for coloring the skins of oranges that are not intended or used for
processing (or if so used are designated in the trade as Packinghouse
elimination) and that meet minimum maturity standards established by or
under the laws of the States in which the oranges are grown.
(2) Oranges colored with Citrus Red No. 2 shall bear not more than
2.0 parts per million of such color additive, calculated on the basis of
the weight of the whole fruit.
(d) Labeling. The label of the color additive and any mixtures
prepared therefrom and intended solely or in part for coloring purposes
shall conform to the requirements of Sec. 70.25 of this chapter. To
meet the requirements of Sec. 70.25 (b) and (c) of this chapter the
label shall bear:
(1) The statement (or its equivalent) ``To be used only for coloring
skins of oranges.''
(2) Directions for use to limit the amount of the color additive to
not more than 2.0 parts per million, calculated on the basis of the
weight of the whole fruit.
(e) Certification. All batches of Citrus Red No. 2 shall be
certified in accordance with regulations in part 80 of this chapter.
Additives that reference this regulation: