GrokFood Home
Loading

73.85 Caramel.

Home > Regulations > Listing of color additives exempt from certification > 73.85 Caramel.






[Code of Federal Regulations]

[Title 21, Volume 1]

[Revised as of April 1, 2006]

From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access

[CITE: 21CFR73.85]



[Page 342-343]

 

                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS

 

CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 

                                SERVICES

 

PART 73_LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION--Table 

of Contents

 

                             Subpart A_Foods

 

Sec.  73.85  Caramel.



    (a) Identity. (1) The color additive caramel is the dark-brown 

liquid or solid material resulting from the carefully controlled heat 

treatment of the following food-grade carbohydrates:



Dextrose.

Invert sugar.

Lactose.

Malt sirup.

Molasses.

Starch hydrolysates and fractions thereof.

Sucrose.



    (2) The food-grade acids, alkalis, and salts listed in this 

subparagraph may be employed to assist caramelization, in amounts 

consistent with good manufacturing practice.

    (i) Acids:





[[Page 343]]





Acetic acid.

Citric acid.

Phosphoric acid.

Sulfuric acid.

Sulfurous acid.



    (ii) Alkalis:



Ammonium hydroxide.

Calcium hydroxide U.S.P.

Potassium hydroxide.

Sodium hydroxide.



    (iii) Salts: Ammonium, sodium, or potassium carbonate, bicarbonate, 

phosphate (including dibasic phosphate and monobasic phosphate), 

sulfate, and sulfite.

    (3) Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids, identified in Sec.  172.854 

of this chapter, may be used as antifoaming agents in amounts not 

greater than that required to produce the intended effect.

    (4) Color additive mixtures for food use made with caramel may 

contain only diluents that are suitable and that are listed in this 

subpart as safe in color additive mixtures for coloring foods.

    (b) Specifications. Caramel shall conform to the following 

specifications:



Lead (as Pb), not more than 10 parts per million.

Arsenic (as As), not more than 3 parts per million.

Mercury (as Hg), not more than 0.1 part per million.



    (c) Uses and restrictions. Caramel may be safely used for coloring 

foods generally, in amounts consistent with good manufacturing practice, 

except that it may not be used to color foods for which standards of 

identity have been promulgated under section 401 of the act unless added 

color is authorized by such standards.

    (d) Labeling. The label of the color additive and any mixtures 

prepared therefrom and intended solely or in part for coloring purposes 

shall conform to the requirements of Sec.  70.25 of this chapter.

    (e) Exemption from certification. Certification of this color 

additive is not necessary for the protection of the public health and 

therefore batches thereof are exempt from the certification requirements 

of section 721(c) of the act.










Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 73, Section 85


Home | About | Search