[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 1]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 73_LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION--Table
Sec. 73.315 Corn endosperm oil.
(a) Identity. (1) The color additive corn endosperm oil is a
reddish-brown liquid composed chiefly of glycerides, fatty acids,
sitosterols, and carotenoid pigments obtained by isopropyl alcohol and
hexane extraction from the gluten fraction of yellow corn grain. The
definition of corn endosperm oil in this paragraph is for the purpose of
definition as a color additive only and shall not be construed as a food
standard of identity under section 401 of the act.
(2) Color additive mixtures for food use made with corn endosperm
oil may contain only those diluents listed in this subpart as safe and
suitable in color additive mixtures for coloring foods.
(b) Specifications. Corn endosperm oil conforms to the following
Total fatty acids, not less than 85 percent.
Iodine value, 118 to 134.
Saponification value, 165 to 185.
Unsaponifiable matter, not more than 14 percent.
Hexane, not more than 25 narts per millimn.
Isopropyl alcohol, not more than 100 parts per million.
(c) Uses and restrictions. The color additive corn endosperm oil may
be safely used in chicken feed in accordance with the following
(1) The color additive is used to enhance the yellow color of
chicken skin and eggs.
(2) The quantity of the color additive incorporated in the feed is
such that the finished feed is supplemented sufficiently with
xanthophyll and associated carotenoids so as to accomplish the intended
effect described in paragraph (c)(1) of this section.
(d) Labeling requirements. The label of the color additive and any
premixes prepared therefrom shall bear, in addition to the information
required by Sec. 70.25 of this chapter, a statement of the
concentration of xanthophyll contained therein.
(e) Exemption from certification. Certification of this color
additive is not necessary for the protection of the public health, and
therefore batches thereof are exempt from the certification requirements
of section 721(c) of the act.
Additives that reference this regulation: