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189.155 Monochloroacetic acid.

Home > Regulations > Substances prohibited from use in human food > 189.155 Monochloroacetic acid.



[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR189.155]

[Page 594]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 189_SUBSTANCES PROHIBITED FROM USE IN HUMAN FOOD--Table of Contents
 
Subpart C_Substances Generally Prohibited From Direct Addition or Use as 
                               Human Food
 
Sec.  189.155  Monochloroacetic acid.

    (a) Monochloroacetic acid is the chemical chloroacetic acid, 
C2H3C1O2. It is a synthetic chemical 
not found in natural products, and has been proposed as a preservative 
in alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages. Monochloroacetic acid is 
permitted in food package adhesives with an accepted migration level up 
to 10 parts per billion (ppb) under Sec.  175.105 of this chapter. The 
official methods do not detect monochloroacetic acid at the 10 ppb 
level.
    (b) Food containing any added or detectable level of 
monochloroacetic acid is deemed to be adulterated in violation of the 
act based upon trade correspondence dated December 29, 1941 (TC-377).
    (c) The analytical methods used for detecting monochloroacetic acid 
in food are in sections 20.067-20.072 of the ``Official Methods of 
Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists,'' 13th Ed. 
(1980), which is incorporated by reference. Copies may be obtained from 
the AOAC INTERNATIONAL, 481 North Frederick Ave., suite 500, 
Gaithersburg, MD 20877, or may be examined at the National Archives and 
Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of 
this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://
www.archives.gov/federal--register/code--of--federal--regulations/ibr--
locations.html.

[42 FR 14659, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 49 FR 10114, Mar. 19, 1984; 
54 FR 24899, June 12, 1989]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 189, Section 155


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