[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 184_DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS
SAFE--Table of Contents
Subpart B_Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1978 Carnauba wax.
(a) Carnauba wax (CAS Reg. No. 008-015-869) is obtained from the
leaves and buds of the Brazilian wax palm Copernicia cerifera Martius.
The wax is hard, brittle, sparingly soluble in cold organic solvents and
insoluble in water. It is marketed in five grades designated No. 1
through No. 5. Grades No. 4 and No. 5 represent the bulk of the
commercial trade volume. These commercial grades consist chiefly of
C24 to C32 normal saturated monofunctional fatty
acids and normal saturated monofunctional primary alcohols.
(b) The ingredient meets the specifications of the Food Chemicals
Codex, 3d Ed. (1981), p. 73, which is incorporated by reference. Copies
are available from the National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave.
NW., Washington, DC 20418, or available for inspection at the National
Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the
availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to:
(c) In accordance with Sec. 184.1(b)(1), the ingredient is used in
food with no limitation other than current good manufacturing practice.
The affirmation of this ingredient as generally recognized as safe
(GRAS) as a direct human food ingredient is based upon the following
current good manufacturing practice conditions of use:
(1) The ingredient is used as an anticaking agent as defined Sec.
170.3(o)(1) of this chapter; as a formulation aid as defined in Sec.
170.3(o)(14) of this chapter; as a lubricant and release agent as
defined in Sec. 170.3(o)(18) of this chapter; and as a surface-
finishing agent as defined in Sec. 170.3(o)(30) of this chapter.
(2) The ingredient is used in the following foods at levels not to
exceed current good manufacturing practice: baked goods and baking mixes
as defined in Sec. 170.3(n)(1) of this chapter; chewing gun as defined
in Sec. 170.3(n)(6) of this chapter; confections and frostings as
defined in Sec. 170.3(n)(9) of this chapter; fresh fruits and fruit
juices as defined in Sec. 170.3(n)(16) of this chapter; gravies and
sauces as defined in Sec. 170.3(n)(24) of this chapter; processed
fruits and fruit juices as defined in Sec. 170.3(n)(35) of this
chapter; and soft candy as defined in Sec. 170.3(n)(38) of this
(d) Prior sanctions for this ingredient different from the uses
established in this section do not exist or have been waived.
[48 FR 51147, Nov. 7, 1983]
Additives that reference this regulation: