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184.1848 Starter distillate.

Home > Regulations > Direct food substances affirmed as generally recognized as safe > 184.1848 Starter distillate.



[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR184.1848]

[Page 569]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 184_DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS 
SAFE--Table of Contents
 
        Subpart B_Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
 
Sec.  184.1848  Starter distillate.

    (a) Starter distillate (butter starter distillate) is a steam 
distillate of the culture of any or all of the following species of 
bacteria grown on a medium consisting of skim milk usually fortified 
with about 0.1 percent citric acid: Streptococcus lactis, S. cremoris, 
S. lactis subsp. diacetylactis, Leuconostoc citrovorum, and L. 
dextranicum. The ingredient contains more than 98 percent water, and the 
remainder is a mixture of butterlike flavor compounds. Diacetyl is the 
major flavor component, constituting as much as 80 to 90 percent of the 
mixture of organic flavor compounds. Besides diacetyl, starter 
distillate contains minor amounts of acetaldehyde, ethyl formate, ethyl 
acetate, acetone, ethyl alcohol, 2-butanone, acetic acid, and acetoin.
    (b) FDA is developing food-grade specifications for starter 
distillate in cooperation with the National Academy of Sciences. In the 
interim, this ingredient must be of a purity suitable for its intended 
use.
    (c) In accordance with Sec.  184.1(b)(1), the ingredient is used in 
food with no limitation other than current good manufacturing practice. 
The affirmation of this ingredient as generally recognized as safe 
(GRAS) as a direct human food ingredient is based upon the following 
current good manufacturing practice conditions of use:
    (1) The ingredient is used as a flavoring agent and adjuvant as 
defined in Sec.  170.3(o)(12) of this chapter.
    (2) The ingredient is used in food at levels not to exceed current 
good manufacturing practice.
    (d) Prior sanctions for this ingredient different from the uses 
established in this section do not exist or have been waived.

[48 FR 51907, Nov. 15, 1983]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 184, Section 1848


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