[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 184_DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS
SAFE--Table of Contents
Subpart B_Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1784 Sodium propionate.
(a) Sodium propionate (C3H5NaO2,
CAS Reg. No. 137-40-6) is the sodium salt of propionic acid. It occurs
as colorless, transparent crystals or a granular crystalline powder. It
is odorless, or has a faint acetic-butyric acid odor, and is
deliquescent. It is prepared by neutralizing propionic acid with sodium
(b) The ingredients meets the specifications of the Food Chemicals
Codex, 3d Ed. (1981), p. 296, which is incorporated by reference. Copies
are available from the National Academy Press,
2101 Constitution Ave. NW., Washington DC 20418, or available for
inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-
741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal--register/code--of--
(c) In accordance with Sec. 184.1(b)(1), the ingredient is used in
food with no limitation other than current good manufacturing practice.
The affirmation of this ingredient as generally recognized as safe
(GRAS) as a direct human food ingredient is based upon the following
current good manufacturing practice conditions of use:
(1) The ingredient is used as an antimicrobial agent as defined in
Sec. 170.3(o)(2) of this chapter and a flavoring agent as defined in
Sec. 170.3(o)(12) of this chapter.
(2) The ingredient is used in the following foods at levels not to
exceed current good manufacturing practice: baked goods as defined in
Sec. 170.3(n)(1) of this chapter; nonalcoholic beverages as defined in
Sec. 170.3(n)(3) of this chapter; cheeses as defined in Sec.
170.3(n)(5) of this chapter; confections and frostings as defined in
Sec. 170.3(n)(9) of this chapter; gelatins, puddings, and fillings as
defined in Sec. 170.3(n)(22) of this chapter; jams and jellies as
defined in Sec. 170.3(n)(28) of this chapter; meat products as defined
in Sec. 170.3(n)(29) of this chapter; and soft candy as defined in
Sec. 170.3(n)(38) of this chapter.
(d) Prior sanctions for this ingredient different from the uses
established in this section do not exist or have been waived.
[49 FR 13142, Apr. 3, 1984]
Additives that reference this regulation: