[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 184_DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS
SAFE--Table of Contents
Subpart B_Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1445 Malt syrup (malt extract).
(a) Malt is the product of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) germinated
under controlled conditions. Malt syrup and malt extract are
interchangeable terms for a viscous concentrate of water extract of
germinated barley grain, with or without added safe preservative. Malt
syrup is usually a brown, sweet, and viscous liquid containing varying
amounts of amylolytic enzymes and plant constituents. Barley is first
softened after cleaning by steeping operations and then allowed to
germinate under controlled conditions. The germinated grain then
undergoes processing, such as drying, grinding, extracting, filtering,
and evaporating, to produce malt syrup (malt extract) with 75 to 80
percent solids or dried malt syrup with higher solids content.
(b) FDA is developing food-grade specifications for malt syrup (malt
extract) in cooperation with the National Academy of Sciences. In the
interim, the ingredient must be of a purity suitable for its intended
(c) In accordance with Sec. 184.1(b)(1), the ingredient is used in
food with no limitation other than current good manufacturing practice.
The affirmation of this ingredient as generally recognized as safe
(GRAS) as a direct human food ingredient is based upon the following
current good manufacturing practice conditions of use:
(1) The ingredient is used as a flavoring agent and adjuvant as
defined in Sec. 170.3(o)(12) of this chapter.
(2) The ingredient is used in food at levels not to exceed current
good manufacturing practice.
(d) Prior sanctions for this ingredient different from the uses
established in this section do not exist or have been waived.
[48 FR 51613, Nov. 10, 1983]
Additives that reference this regulation: