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184.1333 Gum ghatti.

Home > Regulations > Direct food substances affirmed as generally recognized as safe > 184.1333 Gum ghatti.



[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR184.1333]

[Page 525-526]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 184_DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS 
SAFE--Table of Contents
 
        Subpart B_Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
 
Sec.  184.1333  Gum ghatti.

    (a) Gum ghatti (Indian gum) is an exudate from wounds in the bark of 
Anogeissus latifolia, a large tree found in the dry deciduous forests of 
India and Ceylon.
    (b) The ingredient complies with the following specifications:
    (1) Viscosity of a 1-percent solution. Not less than the minimum or 
within the range claimed by the vendor.
    (2) Limits of impurities--(i) Arsenic (as AL). Not more than 3 parts 
per million (0.0003 percent);
    (ii) Ash (acid-insoluble). Not more than 1.75 percent;
    (iii) Ash (total). Not more than 6.0 percent;
    (iv) Heavy metals (as Pb). Not more than 40 parts per million (0.004 
percent); and
    (v) Lead. Not more than 10 parts per million (0.001 percent).
    (3) Loss on drying. Not more than 14 percent dried at 105 [deg]C for 
5 hours.
    (4) Identification test. Add 0.2 ml of diluted lead acetate as 
outlined in ``Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of 
Official Analytical Chemists,'' 13th Ed. (1980), section 31.178(b), p. 
529, under ``Dilute Basic Lead Acetate Standard Solution,'' which is 
incorporated by reference (Copies are available from the AOAC 
INTERNATIONAL, 481 North Frederick Ave., suite 500, Gaithersburg, MD 
20877, or may be examined at the National Archives and Records 
Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this 
material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/
federal--register/code--of--federal--regulations/ibr--locations.html.), 
to 5 ml of a cold 1-in-100 aqueous solution of the gum. An immediate, 
voluminous, opaque precipitate indicates acacia. A small precipitate or 
clear solution which produces an opaque flocculent precipitate upon the 
additon of 1 ml of 3 N ammonimum hydroxide indicates gum ghatti.
    (c) The ingredient is used in food under the following conditions:

                     Maximum Usage Levels Permitted
------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Food (as served)          Percent              Function
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Beverages and beverage bases,         0.2  Emulsifier and emulsifier
 nonalcoholic, Sec.                         salt, Sec.   170.3(o)(8) of
 170.3(n)(3) of this chapter.               this chapter.
All other food categories....          .1  Emulsifier and emulsifier
                                            salt, Sec.   170.3(o)(8) of
                                            this chapter.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 526]]

    (d) Prior sanctions for this ingredient different from the uses 
established in this section do not exist or have been waived.

[42 FR 14653, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 49 FR 5612, Feb. 14, 1984]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 184, Section 1333


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