[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 184_DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS
SAFE--Table of Contents
Subpart B_Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1295 Ethyl formate.
(a) Ethyl formate (C3H6O2, CAS Reg.
No. 109-94-4) is also referred to as ethyl methanoate. It is an ester of
formic acid and is prepared by esterification of formic acid with ethyl
alcohol or by distillation of ethyl acetate and formic acid in the
presence of concentrated sulfuric acid. Ethyl formate occurs naturally
in some plant oils, fruits, and juices but does not occur naturally in
the animal kingdom.
(b) The ingredient meets the specifications of the ``Food Chemicals
Codex,'' 3d Ed. (1981), p. 376, which is incorporated by reference.
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(c) The ingredient is used as a flavoring agent and adjuvant as
defined in Sec. 170.3(o)(12) of this chapter.
(d) The ingredient is used in food at levels not to exceed good
manufacturing practice in accordance with Sec. 184.1(b)(1). Current
good manufacturing practice results in a maximum level, as served, of
0.05 percent in baked goods as defined in Sec. 170.3(n)(1) of this
chapter; 0.04 percent in chewing gum as defined in Sec. 170.3(n)(6),
hard candy as defined in Sec. 170.3(n)(25), and soft candy as defined
in Sec. 170.3(n)(38) of this chapter; 0.02 percent in frozen dairy
desserts as defined in Sec. 170.3(n)(20) of this chapter; 0.03 percent
in gelatins, puddings, and fillings as defined in Sec. 170.3(n)(22) of
this chapter; and 0.01 percent in all other food categories.
(e) Prior sanctions for ethyl formate different from the uses
established in this section do not exist or have been waived.
[45 FR 22915, Apr. 4, 1980, as amended at 49 FR 5612, Feb. 14, 1984]
Additives that reference this regulation: