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184.1295 Ethyl formate.

Home > Regulations > Direct food substances affirmed as generally recognized as safe > 184.1295 Ethyl formate.



[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR184.1295]

[Page 516]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 184_DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS 
SAFE--Table of Contents
 
        Subpart B_Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
 
Sec.  184.1295  Ethyl formate.

    (a) Ethyl formate (C3H6O2, CAS Reg. 
No. 109-94-4) is also referred to as ethyl methanoate. It is an ester of 
formic acid and is prepared by esterification of formic acid with ethyl 
alcohol or by distillation of ethyl acetate and formic acid in the 
presence of concentrated sulfuric acid. Ethyl formate occurs naturally 
in some plant oils, fruits, and juices but does not occur naturally in 
the animal kingdom.
    (b) The ingredient meets the specifications of the ``Food Chemicals 
Codex,'' 3d Ed. (1981), p. 376, which is incorporated by reference. 
Copies may be obtained from the National Academy Press, 2101 
Constitution Ave. NW., Washington, DC 20418, or may be examined at the 
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on 
the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: 
http://www.archives.gov/federal--register/code--of--federal--
regulations/ibr--locations.html.
    (c) The ingredient is used as a flavoring agent and adjuvant as 
defined in Sec.  170.3(o)(12) of this chapter.
    (d) The ingredient is used in food at levels not to exceed good 
manufacturing practice in accordance with Sec.  184.1(b)(1). Current 
good manufacturing practice results in a maximum level, as served, of 
0.05 percent in baked goods as defined in Sec.  170.3(n)(1) of this 
chapter; 0.04 percent in chewing gum as defined in Sec.  170.3(n)(6), 
hard candy as defined in Sec.  170.3(n)(25), and soft candy as defined 
in Sec.  170.3(n)(38) of this chapter; 0.02 percent in frozen dairy 
desserts as defined in Sec.  170.3(n)(20) of this chapter; 0.03 percent 
in gelatins, puddings, and fillings as defined in Sec.  170.3(n)(22) of 
this chapter; and 0.01 percent in all other food categories.
    (e) Prior sanctions for ethyl formate different from the uses 
established in this section do not exist or have been waived.

[45 FR 22915, Apr. 4, 1980, as amended at 49 FR 5612, Feb. 14, 1984]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 184, Section 1295


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