[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 184_DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS
SAFE--Table of Contents
Subpart B_Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1139 Ammonium hydroxide.
(a) Ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH, CAS Reg. No. 1336-21-6) is
produced by passing ammonia gas into water.
(b) The ingredient meets the specifications of the Food Chemicals
Codex, 3d Ed. (1981), p. 20, which is incorporated by reference. Copies
are available from the National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave.
NW., Washington, DC 20418, or available for inspection at the National
Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the
availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to:
(c) In accordance with Sec. 184.1(b)(1), the ingredient is used in
food with no limitation other than current good manufacturing practice.
The affirmation of this ingredient as generally recognized as safe
(GRAS) as a direct human food ingredient is based upon the following
current good manufacturing practice conditions of use:
(1) The ingredient is used as a leavening agent as defined in Sec.
170.3(o)(17) of this chapter; a pH control agent as defined in Sec.
170.3(o)(23) of this chapter; a surface-finishing agent as defined in
Sec. 170.3(o)(30) of this chapter; and as a boiler water additive
complying with Sec. 173.310 of this chapter.
(2) The ingredient is used in food at levels not to exceed current
good manufacturing practice. The ingredient may also be used as a boiler
water additive at levels not to exceed current good manufacturing
(d) Prior sanctions for this ingredient different from the uses
this section do not exist or have been waived.
[48 FR 52440, Nov. 18, 1983, as amended at 59 FR 14551, Mar. 29, 1994]
Additives that reference this regulation: