[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 184_DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS
SAFE--Table of Contents
Subpart B_Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1138 Ammonium chloride.
(a) Ammonium chloride (NH4Cl, CAS Reg. No. 12125-02-9) is
produced by the reaction of sodium chloride and an ammonium salt in
solution. The less soluble sodium salt separates out at elevated
temperatures, and ammonium chloride is recovered from the filtrate on
cooling. Alternatively, hydrogen chloride formed by the burning of
hydrogen in chlorine is dissolved in water and then reacted with gaseous
ammonia. Ammonium chloride is crystallized from the solution.
(b) The ingredient meets the specifications of the Food Chemicals
Codex, 3d Ed. (1981), p. 20, which is incorporated by reference. Copies
are available from the National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave,
NW., Washington, DC 20418, or available for inspection at the National
Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the
availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to:
(c) In accordance with Sec. 184.1(b)(1), the ingredient is used in
food with no limitation other than current good manufacturing practice.
The affirmation of this ingredient as generally recognized as safe
(GRAS) as a direct human food ingredient is based upon the following
current good manufacturing practice conditions of use:
(1) The ingredient is used as a dough strengthener as defined in
Sec. 170.3(o)(6) of this chapter; a flavor enhancer as defined in Sec.
170.3(o)(11) of this chapter; a leavening agent as defined in Sec.
170.3(o)(17) of this chapter; and a processing aid as defined in Sec.
107.3(o)(24) of this chapter.
(2) The ingredient is used in food at levels not to exceed current
good manufacturing practice.
(d) Prior sanctions for this ingredient different from the uses
established in this section do not exist or have been waived.
[48 FR 52439, Nov. 18, 1983]
Additives that reference this regulation: