[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 184_DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS
SAFE--Table of Contents
Subpart B_Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1091 Succinic acid.
(a) Succinic acid (C4H6O4, CAS Reg.
No. 110-15-6), also referred to as amber acid and ethylenesuccinic acid,
is the chemical 1,4-butanedioic acid. It is commercially prepared by
hydrogenation of maleic or fumaric acid. It can also be produced by
aqueous alkali or acid hydrolysis of succinonitrile.
(b) The ingredient meets the specifications of the ``Food Chemicals
Codex,'' 3d Ed. (1981), pp. 314-315, which is incorporated by reference.
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(c) The ingredient is used as a flavor enhancer as defined in Sec.
this chapter and pH control agent as defined in Sec. 170.3(o)(23) of
(d) The ingredient is used in food at levels not to exceed good
manufacturing practice in accordance with Sec. 184.1(b)(1). Current
good manufacturing practice results in a maximum level, as served, of
0.084 percent in condiments and relishes as defined in Sec. 170.3(n)(8)
of this chapter and 0.0061 percent in meat products as defined in Sec.
170.3(n)(29) of this chapter.
(e) Prior sanctions for this ingredient different from the uses
established in this section do not exist or have been waived.
[44 FR 20657, Apr. 6, 1979, as amended at 49 FR 5611, Feb. 14, 1984]
Additives that reference this regulation: