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184.1033 Citric acid.

Home > Regulations > Direct food substances affirmed as generally recognized as safe > 184.1033 Citric acid.



[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR184.1033]

[Page 487]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 184_DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS 
SAFE--Table of Contents
 
        Subpart B_Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
 
Sec.  184.1033  Citric acid.

    (a) Citric acid (C6H8O7, CAS Reg. 
No. 77-92-9) is the compound 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid. 
It is a naturally occurring constituent of plant and animal tissues. It 
occurs as colorless crystals or a white powder and may be anhydrous or 
contain one mole of water per mole of citric acid. Citric acid may be 
produced by recovery from sources such as lemon or pineapple juice; by 
mycological fermentation using Candida spp., described in Sec. Sec.  
173.160 and 173.165 of this chapter; and by the solvent extraction 
process described in Sec.  173.280 of this chapter for the recovery of 
citric acid from Aspergillus niger fermentation liquor.
    (b) The ingredient meets the specifications of the Food Chemicals 
Codex, 3d ed. (1981), pp. 86-87, and its third supplement (March 1992), 
pp. 107-108, which are incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 
U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies are available from the National 
Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave. NW., Washington, DC 20418, and the 
Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (HFS-200), 5100 Paint 
Branch Pkwy., College Park, MD 20740, or may be examined at the National 
Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the 
availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: 
http://www.archives.gov/federal--register/code--of--federal--
regulations/ibr--locations.html.
    (c) In accordance with Sec.  184.1(b)(1), the ingredient is used in 
food with no limitations other than current good manufacturing practice.
    (d) Prior sanctions for this ingredient different from the uses 
established in this section do not exist or have been waived.

[59 FR 63895, Dec. 12, 1994]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 184, Section 1033


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