[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 184_DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS
SAFE--Table of Contents
Subpart B_Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1021 Benzoic acid.
(a) Benzoic acid is the chemical benzenecarboxylic acid
(C7H6O2), occurring in nature in free
and combined forms. Among the foods in which benzoic acid occurs
naturally are cranberries, prunes, plums, cinnamon, ripe cloves, and
most berries. Benzoic acid is manufactured by treating molten phthalic
anhydride with steam in the presence of a zinc oxide catalyst, by the
hydrolysis of benzotrichloride, or by the oxidation of toluene with
nitric acid or sodium bichromate or with air in the presence of a
transition metal salt catalyst.
(b) The ingredient meets the specifications of the ``Food Chemicals
Codex,'' 3d Ed. (1981), p. 35, which is incorporated by reference.
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(c) The ingredient is used as an antimicrobial agent as defined in
Sec. 170.3(o)(2) of this chapter, and as a flavoring agent and adjuvant
as defined in Sec. 170.3(o)(12) of this chapter.
(d) The ingredient is used in food at levels not to exceed good
manufacturing practice. Current usage results
in a maximum level of 0.1 percent in food. (The Food and Drug
Administration has not determined whether significantly different
conditions of use would be GRAS).
(e) Prior sanctions for this ingredient different from those uses
established in this section, or different from that set forth in part
181 of this chapter, do not exist or have been waived.
[42 FR 14653, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 49 FR 5610, Feb. 14, 1984]
Additives that reference this regulation: