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182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).

Home > Regulations > Substances generally recognized as safe > 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).



[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR182.20]

[Page 469-471]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 182_SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE--Table of Contents
 
                      Subpart A_General Provisions
 
Sec.  182.20  Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural 
extractives (including distillates).

    Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives 
(including distillates) that are generally recognized as safe for their 
intended use, within the meaning of section 409 of the Act, are as 
follows:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Common name                Botanical name of plant source
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alfalfa.........................  Medicago sativa L.
Allspice........................  Pimenta officinalis Lindl.
Almond, bitter (free from         Prunus amygdalus Batsch, Prunus
 prussic acid).                    armeniaca L., or Prunus persica (L.)
                                   Batsch.
Ambrette (seed).................  Hibiscus moschatus Moench.
Angelica root...................  Angelica archangelica L.
Angelica seed...................   Do.
Angelica stem...................   Do.
Angostura (cusparia bark).......  Galipea officinalis Hancock.
Anise...........................  Pimpinella anisum L.
Asafetida.......................  Ferula assa-foetida L. and related
                                   spp. of Ferula.
Balm (lemon balm)...............  Melissa officinalis L.
Balsam of Peru..................  Myroxylon pereirae Klotzsch.
Basil...........................  Ocimum basilicum L.
Bay leaves......................  Laurus nobilis L.
Bay (myrcia oil)................  Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) J. W. Moore.
Bergamot (bergamot orange)......  Citrus aurantium L. subsp. bergamia
                                   Wright et Arn.
Bitter almond (free from prussic  Prunus amygdalus Batsch, Prunus
 acid).                            armeniaca L., or Prunus persica (L.)
                                   Batsch.
Bois de rose....................  Aniba rosaeodora Ducke.
Cacao...........................  Theobroma cacao L.
Camomile (chamomile) flowers,     Matricaria chamomilla L.
 Hungarian.
Camomile (chamomile) flowers,     Anthemis nobilis L.
 Roman or English.
Cananga.........................  Cananga odorata Hook. f. and Thoms.
Capsicum........................  Capsicum frutescens L. and Capsicum
                                   annuum L.
Caraway.........................  Carum carvi L.
Cardamom seed (cardamon)........  Elettaria cardamomum Maton.
Carob bean......................  Ceratonia siliqua L.
Carrot..........................  Daucus carota L.
Cascarilla bark.................  Croton eluteria Benn.
Cassia bark, Chinese............  Cinnamomum cassia Blume.
Cassia bark, Padang or Batavia..  Cinnamomum burmanni Blume.
Cassia bark, Saigon.............  Cinnamomum loureirii Nees.
Celery seed.....................  Apium graveolens L.
Cherry, wild, bark..............  Prunus serotina Ehrh.
Chervil.........................  Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm.
Chicory.........................  Cichorium intybus L.
Cinnamon bark, Ceylon...........  Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees.
Cinnamon bark, Chinese..........  Cinnamomum cassia Blume.
Cinnamon bark, Saigon...........  Cinnamomum loureirii Nees.
Cinnamon leaf, Ceylon...........  Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees.
Cinnamon leaf, Chinese..........  Cinnamomum cassia Blume.
Cinnamon leaf, Saigon...........  Cinnamomum loureirii Nees.
Citronella......................  Cymbopogon nardus Rendle.
Citrus peels....................  Citrus spp.
Clary (clary sage)..............  Salvia sclarea L.
Clover..........................  Trifolium spp.
Coca (decocainized).............  Erythroxylum coca Lam. and other spp.
                                   of Erythroxylum.

[[Page 470]]


Coffee..........................  Coffea spp.
Cola nut........................  Cola acuminata Schott and Endl., and
                                   other spp. of Cola.
Coriander.......................  Coriandrum sativum L.
Cumin (cummin)..................  Cuminum cyminum L.
Curacao orange peel (orange,      Citrus aurantium L.
 bitter peel).
Cusparia bark...................  Galipea officinalis Hancock.
Dandelion.......................  Taraxacum officinale Weber and T.
                                   laevigatum DC.
Dandelion root..................   Do.
Dog grass (quackgrass, triticum)  Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv.
Elder flowers...................  Sambucus canadensis L. and S. nigra I.
Estragole (esdragol, esdragon,    Artemisia dracunculus L.
 tarragon).
Estragon (tarragon).............   Do.
Fennel, sweet...................  Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Fenugreek.......................  Trigonella foenum-graecum L.
Galanga (galangal)..............  Alpinia officinarum Hance.
Geranium........................  Pelargonium spp.
Geranium, East Indian...........  Cymbopogon martini Stapf.
Geranium, rose..................  Pelargonium graveolens L'Her.
Ginger..........................  Zingiber officinale Rosc.
Grapefruit......................  Citrus paradisi Macf.
Guava...........................  Psidium spp.
Hickory bark....................  Carya spp.
Horehound (hoarhound)...........  Marrubium vulgare L.
Hops............................  Humulus lupulus L.
Horsemint.......................  Monarda punctata L.
Hyssop..........................  Hyssopus officinalis L.
Immortelle......................  Helichrysum augustifolium DC.
Jasmine.........................  Jasminum officinale L. and other spp.
                                   of Jasminum.
Juniper (berries)...............  Juniperus communis L.
Kola nut........................  Cola acuminata Schott and Endl., and
                                   other spp. of Cola.
Laurel berries..................  Laurus nobilis L.
Laurel leaves...................  Laurus spp.
Lavender........................  Lavandula officinalis Chaix.
Lavender, spike.................  Lavandula latifolia Vill.
Lavandin........................  Hybrids between Lavandula officinalis
                                   Chaix and Lavandula latifolin Vill.
Lemon...........................  Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Lemon balm (see balm)...........
Lemon grass.....................  Cymbopogon citratus DC. and Cymbopogon
                                   lexuosus Stapf.
Lemon peel......................  Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Lime............................  Citrus aurantifolia Swingle.
Linden flowers..................  Tilia spp.
Locust bean.....................  Ceratonia siliqua L,
Lupulin.........................  Humulus lupulus L.
Mace............................  Myristica fragrans Houtt.
Mandarin........................  Citrus reticulata Blanco.
Marjoram, sweet.................  Majorana hortensis Moench.
Mat[eacute].....................  Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.
Melissa (see balm)..............
Menthol.........................  Mentha spp.
Menthyl acetate.................   Do.
Molasses (extract)..............  Saccarum officinarum L.
Mustard.........................  Brassica spp.
Naringin........................  Citrus paradisi Macf.
Neroli, bigarade................  Citrus aurantium L.
Nutmeg..........................  Myristica fragrans Houtt.
Onion...........................  Allium cepa L.
Orange, bitter, flowers.........  Citrus aurantium L.
Orange, bitter, peel............   Do.
Orange leaf.....................  Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck.
Orange, sweet...................   Do.
Orange, sweet, flowers..........   Do.
Orange, sweet, peel.............   Do.
Origanum........................  Origanum spp.
Palmarosa.......................  Cymbopogon martini Stapf.
Paprika.........................  Capsicum annuum L.
Parsley.........................  Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Mansf.
Pepper, black...................  Piper nigrum L.
Pepper, white...................   Do.
Peppermint......................  Mentha piperita L.
Peruvian balsam.................  Myroxylon pereirae Klotzsch.
Petitgrain......................  Citrus aurantium L.
Petitgrain lemon................  Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Petitgrain mandarin or tangerine  Citrus reticulata Blanco.
Pimenta.........................  Pimenta officinalis Lindl.

[[Page 471]]


Pimenta leaf....................  Pimenta officinalis Lindl.
Pipsissewa leaves...............  Chimaphila umbellata Nutt.
Pomegranate.....................  Punica granatum L.
Prickly ash bark................  Xanthoxylum (or Zanthoxylum)
                                   Americanum Mill. or Xanthoxylum clava-
                                   herculis L.
Rose absolute...................  Rosa alba L., Rosa centifolia L., Rosa
                                   damascena Mill., Rosa gallica L., and
                                   vars. of these spp.
Rose (otto of roses, attar of      Do.
 roses).
Rose buds.......................   Do.
Rose flowers....................   Do.
Rose fruit (hips)...............   Do.
Rose geranium...................  Pelargonium graveolens L'Her.
Rose leaves.....................  Rosa spp.
Rosemary........................  Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Saffron.........................  Crocus sativus L.
Sage............................  Salvia officinalis L.
Sage, Greek.....................  Salvia triloba L.
Sage, Spanish...................  Salvia lavandulaefolia Vahl.
St. John's bread................  Ceratonia siliqua L.
Savory, summer..................  Satureia hortensis L.
Savory, winter..................  Satureia montana L.
Schinus molle...................  Schinus molle L.
Sloe berries (blackthorn          Prunus spinosa L.
 berries).
Spearmint.......................  Mentha spicata L.
Spike lavender..................  Lavandula latifolia Vill.
Tamarind........................  Tamarindus indica L.
Tangerine.......................  Citrus reticulata Blanco.
Tarragon........................  Artemisia dracunculus L.
Tea.............................  Thea sinensis L.
Thyme...........................  Thymus vulgaris L. and Thymus zygis
                                   var. gracilis Boiss.
Thyme, white....................   Do.
Thyme, wild or creeping.........  Thymus serpyllum L.
Triticum (see dog grass)........
Tuberose........................  Polianthes tuberosa L.
Turmeric........................  Curcuma longa L.
Vanilla.........................  Vanilla planifolia Andr. or Vanilla
                                   tahitensis J. W. Moore.
Violet flowers..................  Viola odorata L.
Violet leaves...................   Do.
Violet leaves absolute..........   Do.
Wild cherry bark................  Prunus serotina Ehrh.
Ylang-ylang.....................  Cananga odorata Hook. f. and Thoms.
Zedoary bark....................  Curcuma zedoaria Rosc.
------------------------------------------------------------------------


[42 FR 14640, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 44 FR 3963, Jan. 19, 1979; 47 
FR 29953, July 9, 1982; 48 FR 51613, Nov. 10, 1983; 50 FR 21043 and 
21044, May 22, 1985]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 182, Section 20


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