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178.3530 Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic.

Home > Regulations > Indirect food additives: Adjuvants, production aids, and sanitizers > 178.3530 Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic.



[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR178.3530]

[Page 413]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 178_INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADJUVANTS, PRODUCTION AIDS, AND 
SANITIZERS--Table of Contents
 
             Subpart D_Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids
 
Sec.  178.3530  Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic.

    Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, synthetic, may be safely used 
in the production of nonfood articles intended for use in producing, 
manufacturing, packing, processing, preparing, treating, packaging, 
transporting, or holding food, subject to the provisions of this 
section.
    (a) The isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons, produced by synthesis 
from petroleum gases consist of a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons meeting 
the following specifications:

Boiling point 63[deg] -260 [deg]C, as determined by ASTM method D86-82, 
``Standard Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products,'' which is 
incorporated by reference. Copies may be obtained from the American 
Society for Testing Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Dr., West Conshohocken, 
Philadelphia, PA 19428-2959, or may be examined at the National Archives 
and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability 
of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://
www.archives.gov/federal--register/code--of--federal--regulations/ibr--
locations.html.
Ultraviolet absorbance:
    260-319 millimicrons--1.5 maximum.
    320-329 millimicrons--0.08 maximum.
    330-350 millimicrons--0.05 maximum.
Nonvolatile residue 0.002 gram per 100 milliliters maximum.

Synthetic isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons containing antioxidants 
shall meet the specified ultraviolet absorbance limits after correction 
for any absorbance due to the antioxidants. The ultraviolet absorbance 
shall be determined by the procedure described for application to 
mineral oil under ``Specifications'' on page 66 of the ``Journal of the 
Association of Official Agricultural Chemists,'' Vol. 45 (February 
1962), which is incorporated by reference, disregarding the last 
sentence of that procedure. For hydrocarbons boiling below 121 [deg]C, 
the nonvolatile residue shall be determined by ASTM method D1353-78, 
``Standard Test Method for Nonvolatile Matter in Volatile Solvents for 
Use in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products;'' for those 
boiling above 121 [deg]C, ASTM procedure D381-80, ``Standard Test Method 
for Existent Gum in Fuels by Jet Evaporation,'' which are incorporated 
by reference. Copies may be obtained from the American Society for 
Testing Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Dr., West Conshohocken, Philadelphia, 
PA 19428-2959, or may be examined at the National Archives and Records 
Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this 
material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/
federal--register/code--of--federal--regulations/ibr--locations.html.

    (b) Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons may contain antioxidants 
authorized for use in food in an amount not to exceed that reasonably 
required to accomplish the intended technical effect.
    (c) Isoparaffinic petroleum hydrocarbons are used in the production 
of nonfood articles. The quantity used shall not exceed the amount 
reasonably required to accomplish the intended technical effect, and the 
residual remaining in the finished article shall be the minimum amount 
reasonably attainable.

[42 FR 14609, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 47 FR 11847, Mar. 19, 1982; 
49 FR 10112, Mar. 19, 1984]

[[Page 414]]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 178, Section 3530


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