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177.1010 Acrylic and modified acrylic plastics, semirigid and rigid.

Home > Regulations > Indirect food additives: Polymers > 177.1010 Acrylic and modified acrylic plastics, semirigid and rigid.



[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR177.1010]

[Page 234-240]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 177_INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS--Table of Contents
 
Subpart B_Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated 
                        Use Food Contact Surfaces
 
Sec.  177.1010  Acrylic and modified acrylic plastics, semirigid and 
rigid.




Subpart A [Reserved]

Subpart B_Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated 
                        Use Food Contact Surfaces

Sec.
177.1010 Acrylic and modified acrylic plastics, semirigid and rigid.
177.1020 Acrylonitrile/butadiene/styrene copolymer.
177.1030 Acrylonitrile/butadiene/styrene/methyl methacrylate copolymer.
177.1040 Acrylonitrile/styrene copolymer.
177.1050 Acrylonitrile/styrene copolymer modified with butadiene/styrene 
          elastomer.
177.1060 n-Alkylglutarimide/acrylic copolymers.
177.1200 Cellophane.
177.1210 Closures with sealing gaskets for food containers.
177.1211 Cross-linked polyacrylate copolymers.
177.1240 1,4-Cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate and 1,4-
          cyclohexylene dimethylene isophthalate copolymer.
177.1310 Ethylene-acrylic acid copolymers.
177.1312 Ethylene-carbon monoxide copolymers.
177.1315 Ethylene-1,4-cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate 
          copolymers.
177.1320 Ethylene-ethyl acrylate copolymers.
177.1330 Ionomeric resins.
177.1340 Ethylene-methyl acrylate copolymer resins.
177.1345 Ethylene/1,3-phenylene oxyethylene isophthalate/terephthalate 
          copolymer.
177.1350 Ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers.
177.1360 Ethylene-vinyl acetate-vinyl alcohol copolymers.
177.1380 Fluorocarbon resins.
177.1390 Laminate structures for use at temperatures of 250 [deg]F and 
          above.
177.1395 Laminate structures for use at temperatures between 120 [deg]F 
          and 250[deg] F.
177.1400 Hydroxyethyl cellulose film, water-insoluble.
177.1420 Isobutylene polymers.
177.1430 Isobutylene-butene copolymers.
177.1440 4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol-epichlorohydrin resins minimum 
          molecular weight 10,000.
177.1460 Melamine-formaldehyde resins in molded articles.
177.1480 Nitrile rubber modified acrylonitrile-methyl acrylate 
          copolymers.
177.1500 Nylon resins.
177.1520 Olefin polymers.
177.1550 Perfluorocarbon resins.
177.1555 Polyarylate resins.
177.1556 Polyaryletherketone resins.
177.1560 Polyarylsulfone resins.
177.1570 Poly-1-butene resins and butene/ethylene copolymers.
177.1580 Polycarbonate resins.
177.1585 Polyestercarbonate resins.
177.1590 Polyester elastomers.
177.1595 Polyetherimide resin.
177.1600 Polyethylene resins, carboxyl modified.
177.1610 Polyethylene, chlorinated.
177.1615 Polyethylene, fluorinated.
177.1620 Polyethylene, oxidized.
177.1630 Polyethylene phthalate polymers.
177.1632 Poly (phenyleneterephthalamide) resins.
177.1635 Poly(p-methylstyrene) and rubber-modified poly(p-
          methylstyrene).
177.1637 Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyloxycarbonyl-2,6-naphthalenediylcarbonyl) 
          resins.
177.1640 Polystyrene and rubber-modified polystyrene.
177.1650 Polysulfide polymer-polyepoxy resins.
177.1655 Polysulfone resins.

[[Page 235]]

177.1660 Poly (tetramethylene terephthalate).
177.1670 Polyvinyl alcohol film.
177.1680 Polyurethane resins.
177.1810 Styrene block polymers.
177.1820 Styrene-maleic anhydride copolymers.
177.1830 Styrene-methyl methacrylate copolymers.
177.1850 Textryls.
177.1900 Urea-formaldehyde resins in molded articles.
177.1950 Vinyl chloride-ethylene copolymers.
177.1960 Vinyl chloride-hexene-1 copolymers.
177.1970 Vinyl chloride-lauryl vinyl ether copolymers.
177.1980 Vinyl chloride-propylene copolymers.
177.1990 Vinylidene chloride/methyl acrylate copolymers.
177.2000 Vinylidene chloride/methyl acrylate/methyl methacrylate 
          polymers.

Subpart C_Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for 
                              Repeated Use

177.2210 Ethylene polymer, chlorosulfonated.
177.2250 Filters, microporous polymeric.
177.2260 Filters, resin-bonded.
177.2280 4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol-epichlorohydrin thermosetting epoxy 
          resins.
177.2355 Mineral reinforced nylon resins.
177.2400 Perfluorocarbon cured elastomers.
177.2410 Phenolic resins in molded articles.
177.2415 Poly(aryletherketone) resins.
177.2420 Polyester resins, cross-linked.
177.2430 Polyether resins, chlorinated.
177.2440 Polyethersulfone resins.
177.2450 Polyamide-imide resins.
177.2460 Poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene) oxide resins.
177.2465 Polymethylmethacrylate/poly(tri methoxysilylpropyl) 
          methacrylate copolymers.
177.2470 Polyoxymethylene copolymer.
177.2480 Polyoxymethylene homopolymer.
177.2490 Polyphenylene sulfide resins.
177.2500 Polyphenylene sulfone resins.
177.2510 Polyvinylidene fluoride resins.
177.2550 Reverse osmosis membranes.
177.2600 Rubber articles intended for repeated use.
177.2710 Styrene-divinylbenzene resins, cross-linked.
177.2800 Textiles and textile fibers.
177.2910 Ultra-filtration membranes.

    Authority: 21 U.S.C. 321, 342, 348, 379e.

    Source: 42 FR 14572, Mar. 15, 1977, unless otherwise noted.

    Editorial Note: Nomenclature changes to part 177 appear at 61 FR 
14482, Apr. 2, 1996, 66 FR 56035, Nov. 6, 2001, 66 FR 66742, Dec. 27, 
2001, 68 FR 15355, Mar. 31, 2003, and 70 FR 72074, Dec. 1, 2005.

Subpart A [Reserved]



    Semirigid and rigid acrylic and modified acrylic plastics may be 
safely used as articles intended for use in contact with food, in 
accordance with the following prescribed conditions. The acrylic and 
modified acrylic polymers or plastics described in this section also may 
be safely used as components of articles intended for use in contact 
with food.
    (a) The optional substances that may be used in the formulation of 
the semirigid and rigid acrylic and modified acrylic plastics, or in the 
formulation of acrylic and modified acrylic components of articles, 
include substances generally recognized as safe in food, substances used 
in accordance with a prior sanction or approval, substances permitted 
for use in such plastics by regulations in parts 170 through 189 of this 
chapter, and substances identified in this paragraph. At least 50 
weight-percent of the polymer content of the acrylic and modified 
acrylic materials used as finished articles or as components of articles 
shall consist of polymer units derived from one or more of the acrylic 
or methacrylic monomers listed in paragraph (a)(1) of this section.
    (1) Homopolymers and copolymers of the following monomers:

n-Butyl acrylate.
n-Butyl methacrylate.
Ethyl acrylate.
2-Ethylhexyl acrylate.
Ethyl methacrylate.
Methyl acrylate.
Methyl methacrylate.

    (2) Copolymers produced by copolymerizing one or more of the 
monomers listed in paragraph (a)(1) of this section with one or more of 
the following monomers:


[[Page 236]]


Acrylonitrile.
Methacrylonitrile.
[alpha]-Methylstyrene.
Styrene.
Vinyl chloride.
Vinylidene chloride.

    (3) Polymers identified in paragraphs (a)(1) and (2) of this section 
containing no more than 5 weight-percent of total polymer units derived 
by copolymerization with one or more of the monomers listed in paragraph 
(a)(3)(i) and (ii) of this section. Monomers listed in paragraph 
(a)(3)(ii) of this section are limited to use only in plastic articles 
intended for repeated use in contact with food.
    (i) List of minor monomers:

Acrylamide.
Acrylic acid
1,3-Butylene glycol dimethacrylate.
1,4-Butylene glycol dimethacrylate.
Diethylene glycol dimethacrylate.
Diproplylene glycol dimethacrylate.
Divinylbenzene.
Ethylene glycol dimethacrylate.
Itaconic acid.
Methacrylic acid.
N-Methylolacrylamide.
N-Methylolmethacrylamide.
4-Methyl-1,4-pentanediol dimethacrylate.
Propylene glycol dimethacrylate.
Trivinylbenzene.

    (ii) List of minor monomers limited to use only in plastic articles 
intended for repeated use in contact with food:

Allyl methacrylate [Chemical Abstracts Service Registry No. 96-05-9]
tert-Butyl acrylate.
tert-Butylaminoethyl methacrylate.
sec-Butyl methacrylate.
tert-Butyl methacrylate.
Cyclohexyl methacrylate.
Dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate.
2-Ethylhexyl methacrylate.
Hydroxyethyl methacrylate.
Hydroxyethyl vinyl sulfide.
Hydroxypropyl methacrylate.
Isobornyl methacrylate.
Isobutyl methacrylate.
Isopropyl acrylate.
Isopropyl methacrylate.
Methacrylamide.
Methacrylamidoethylene urea.
Methacryloxyacetamidoethylethylene urea.
Methacryloxyacetic acid.
n-Propyl methacrylate.
3,5,5-Trimethylcyclohexyl methacrylate.

    (4) Polymers identified in paragraphs (a)(1), (2), and (3) of this 
section are mixed together and/or with the following polymers, provided 
that no chemical reactions, other than addition reactions, occur when 
they are mixed:

Butadiene-acrylonitrile copolymers.
Butadiene-acrylonitrile-styrene copolymers.
Butadiene-acrylonitrile-styrene-methyl methacrylic copolymers.
Butadiene-styrene copolymers.
Butyl rubber.
Natural rubber.
Polybutadiene.
Poly (3-chloro-1,3-butadiene).
Polyester identified in Sec.  175.300(b)(3)(vii) of this chapter.
Polyvinyl chloride.
Vinyl chloride copolymers complying with Sec.  177.1980.
Vinyl chloride-vinyl acetate copolymers.

    (5) Antioxidants and stabilizers identified in Sec.  
175.300(b)(3)(xxx) of this chapter and the following:

Di-tert-butyl-p-cresol.
2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone.
2-Hydroxy-4-methoxy-2-carboxybenzophenone.
3-Hydroxyphenyl benzoate.
p-Methoxyphenol.
Methyl salicylate.
Octadecyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy hydro cinna mate (CAS Reg. No. 
2082-79-3): For use only: (1) At levels not exceeding 0.2 percent by 
weight in semirigid and rigid acrylic and modified acrylic plastics, 
where the finished articles contact foods containing not more than 15 
percent alcohol; and (2) at levels not exceeding 0.01 percent by weight 
in semirigid and rigid acrylic and modified acrylic plastics intended 
for repeated food-contact use where the finished article may be used for 
foods containing more than 15 percent alcohol.
Phenyl salicylate.

    (6) Release agents: Fatty acids derived from animal and vegetable 
fats and oils, and fatty alcohols derived from such acids.
    (7) Surface active agent: Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate.
    (8) Miscellaneous materials:

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, for use only as a flow promoter at a level 
not to exceed 3 weight-percent based on the monomers.
Dimethyl phthalate.
Oxalic acid, for use only as a polymerization catalyst aid.
Tetraethylenepentamine, for use only as a catalyst activator at a level 
not to exceed 0.5 weight-percent based on the monomers.
Toluene.
Xylene.

    (b) The semirigid and rigid acrylic and modified acrylic plastics, 
in the

[[Page 237]]

finished form in which they are to contact food, when extracted with the 
solvent or solvents characterizing the type of food and under the 
conditions of time and temperature as determined from tables 1 and 2 of 
Sec.  176.170(c) of this chapter, shall yield extractives not to exceed 
the following, when tested by the methods prescribed in paragraph (c) of 
this section. The acrylic and modified acrylic polymers or plastics 
intended to be used as components of articles also shall yield 
extractives not to exceed the following limitations when prepared as 
strips as described in paragraph (c)(2) of this section:
    (1) Total nonvolatile extractives not to exceed 0.3 milligram per 
square inch of surface tested.
    (2) Potassium permanganate oxidizable distilled water and 8 and 50 
percent alcohol extractives not to exceed an absorbance of 0.15.
    (3) Ultraviolet-absorbing distilled water and 8 and 50 percent 
alcohol extractives not to exceed an absorbance of 0.30.
    (4) Ultraviolet-absorbing n-heptane extractives not to exceed an 
absorbance of 0.10.
    (c) Analytical methods--(1) Selection of extractability conditions. 
These are to be chosen as provided in Sec.  176.170(c) of this chapter.
    (2) Preparation of samples. Sufficient samples to allow duplicates 
of all applicable tests shall be cut from the articles or formed from 
the plastic composition under tests, as strips about 2.5 inches by about 
0.85-inch wide by about 0.125-inch thick. The total exposed surface 
should be 5 square inches 0.5-square inch. The 
samples, after preparation, shall be washed with a clean brush under hot 
tapwater, rinsed under running hot tapwater (140 [deg]F minimum), rinsed 
with distilled water, and air-dried in a dust-free area or in a 
desiccator.
    (3) Preparation of solvents. The water used shall be double-
distilled water, prepared in a still using a block tin condenser. The 8 
and 50 percent (by volume) alcohol solvents shall be prepared from ethyl 
alcohol meeting the specifications of the United States Pharmacopeia XX 
and diluted with double-distilled water that has been prepared in a 
still using a tin block condenser. The n-heptane shall be 
spectrophotometric grade. Adequate precautions must be taken to keep all 
solvents dust-free.
    (4) Blank values on solvents. (i) Duplicate determinations of 
residual solids shall be run on samples of each solvent that have been 
exposed to the temperature-time conditions of the extraction test 
without the plastic sample. Sixty milliliters of exposed solvent is 
pipetted into a clean, weighed platinum dish, evaporated to 2-5 
milliliters on a nonsparking, low-temperature hot plate and dried in 212 
[deg]F oven for 30 minutes. The residue for each solvent shall be 
determined by weight and the average residue weight used as the blank 
value in the total solids determination set out in paragraph (c)(6) of 
this section. The residue for an acceptable solvent sample shall not 
exceed 0.5 milligram per 60 milliliters.
    (ii) For acceptability in the ultraviolet absorbers test, a sample 
of each solvent shall be scanned in an ultraviolet spectrophotometer in 
5-centimeter silica spectrophotometric absorption cells. The absorbance 
of the distilled water when measured versus air in the reference cell 
shall not exceed 0.03 at any point in the wavelength region of 245 to 
310 m[micro]. The absorbance of the 8 percent alcohol when measured 
versus distilled water in the reference cell shall not exceed 0.01 at 
any point in the wavelength region of 245 to 310 m[micro]. The 
absorbance of the 50 percent alcohol when measured versus distilled 
water in the reference cell shall not exceed 0.05 at any point in the 
wavelength region of 245 to 310 m[micro]. The absorbance of the heptane 
when measured versus distilled water in the reference cell shall not 
exceed 0.15 at 245, 0.09 at 260, 0.04 at 270, and 0.02 at any point in 
the wavelength region of 280 to 310 m[micro].
    (iii) Duplicate ultraviolet blank determinations shall be run on 
samples of each solvent that has been exposed to the temperature-time 
conditions of the extraction test without the plastic sample. An aliquot 
of the exposed solvent shall be measured versus the unexposed solvent in 
the reference cell. The average difference in the absorbances at any 
wavelength in the region of 245 to 310 m[micro] shall be used as a blank 
correction for the ultraviolet

[[Page 238]]

absorbers measured at the same wavelength according to paragraph 
(c)(8)(ii) of this section.
    (iv) The acceptability of the solvents for use in the permanganate 
test shall be determined by preparing duplicate permanganate test blanks 
according to paragraph (c)(7)(iv) of this section. For this test, the 
directions referring to the sample extract shall be disregarded. The 
blanks shall be scanned in 5-centimeter silica spectrophotometric cells 
in the spectrophotometer versus the appropriate solvent as reference. 
The absorbance in distilled water in the wavelength region of 544 to 552 
m[micro] should be 1.16 but must not be less than 1.05 nor more than 
1.25. The absorbance in the 8 and 50 percent alcohol must not be less 
than 0.85 nor more than 1.15.
    (v) Duplicate permanganate test determinations shall be run on 
samples of distilled water and 8 and 50 percent alcohol solvents that 
have been exposed to the temperature-time conditions of the extraction 
test without the plastic sample. The procedure shall be as described in 
paragraph (c)(7)(iv) of this section, except that the appropriate 
exposed solvent shall be substituted where the directions call for 
sample extract. The average difference in the absorbances in the region 
of 544 to 552 m[micro] shall be used as a blank correction for the 
determination of permanganate oxidizable extractives according to 
paragraph (c)(7)(iv) of this section.
    (5) Extraction procedure. For each extraction, place a plastic 
sample in a clean 25 millimeters x 200 millimeters hard-glass test tube 
and add solvent equal to 10 milliliters of solvent per square inch of 
plastic surface. This amount will be between 45 milliliters and 55 
milliliters. The solvent must be preequilibrated to the temperature of 
the extraction test. Close the test tube with a ground-glass stopper and 
expose to the specified temperature for the specified time. Cool the 
tube and contents to room temperature if necessary.
    (6) Determination of total nonvolatile extractives. Remove the 
plastic strip from the solvent with a pair of clean forceps and wash the 
strip with 5 milliliters of the appropriate solvent, adding the washings 
to the contents of the test tube. Pour the contents of the test tube 
into a clean, weighed platinum dish. Wash the tube with 5 milliliters of 
the appropriate solvent and add the solvent to the platinum dish. 
Evaporate the solvent to 2-5 milliliters on a nonsparking, low-
temperature hotplate. Complete the evaporation in a 212 [deg]F oven for 
30 minutes. Cool the dish in a desiccator for 30 minutes and weigh to 
the nearest 0.1 milligram. Calculate the total nonvolatile extractives 
as follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR01JA93.392

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR01JA93.393

where:

e=Total increase in weight of the dish, in milligrams.
b=Blank value of the solvent in milligrams, as determined in paragraph 
(c)(4)(i) of this section.
s=Total surface of the plastic sample in square inches.

    (7) Determination of potassium permanganate oxidizable extractives. 
(i) Pipette 25 milliliters of distilled water into a clean 125-
milliliter Erlenmeyer flask that has been rinsed several times with 
aliquots of distilled water. This is the blank. Prepare a distilled 
water solution containing 1.0 part per million of p-methoxyphenol 
(melting point 54-56 [deg]C, Eastman grade or equivalent). Pipette 25 
milliliters of this p-methoxyphenol solution into a rinsed Erlenmeyer 
flask. Pipette exactly 3.0 milliliters of 154 parts per million aqueous 
potassium permanganate solution into the p-methoxyphenol and exactly 3.0 
milliliters into the blank, in that order. Swirl both flasks to mix the 
contents and then transfer aliquots from each flask into matched 5-
centimeter spectrophotometric absorption cells. The cells are placed in 
the spectrophotometer cell compartment with the p-methoxyphenol solution 
in the reference beam. Spectro photo metric measurement is conducted as 
in paragraph (c)(7)(iv) of this section. The absorbance reading in the 
region 544-552 m[micro] should be 0.24 but must be not less than 0.12 
nor more than 0.36. This test

[[Page 239]]

shall be run in duplicate. For the purpose of ascertaining compliance 
with the limitations in paragraph (b)(2) of this section, the absorbance 
measurements obtained on the distilled water extracts according to 
paragraph (c)(7)(iv) of this section shall be multiplied by a correction 
factor, calculated as follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR01JA93.394

    (ii) The procedure in paragraph (c)(7)(i) of this section is 
repeated except that, in this instance, the solvent shall be 8 percent 
alcohol. The absorbance in the region 544-552 m[micro] should be 0.26 
but must be not less than 0.13 nor more than 0.39. This test shall be 
run in duplicate. For the purpose of ascertaining compliance with the 
limitations prescribed in paragraph (b)(2) of this section, the 
absorbance measurements obtained on the 8 percent alcohol extracts 
according to paragraph (c)(7)(iv) of this section shall be multiplied by 
a correction factor, calculated as follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR01JA93.395

    (iii) The procedure in paragraph (c)(7)(i) of this section is 
repeated except that, in this instance, the solvent shall be 50 percent 
alcohol. The absorbance in the region 544-552 m[micro] should be 0.25 
but must be not less than 0.12 nor more than 0.38. This test shall be 
run in duplicate. For the purpose of ascertaining compliance with the 
limitations prescribed in paragraph (b)(2) of this section, the 
absorbance measurements obtained on the 50 percent alcohol extracts 
according to paragraph (c)(7)(iv) of this section shall be multiplied by 
a correction factor, calculated as follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR01JA93.396

    (iv) Water and 8 and 50 percent alcohol extracts. Pipette 25 
milliliters of the appropriate solvent into a clean, 125-milliliter 
Erlenmeyer flask that has been rinsed several times with aliquots of the 
same solvent. This is the blank. Into another similarly rinsed flask, 
pipette 25 milliliters of the sample extract that has been exposed under 
the conditions specified in paragraph (c)(5) of this section. Pipette 
exactly 3.0 milliliters of 154 parts per million aqueous potassium 
permanganate solution into the sample and exactly 3.0 milliliters into 
the blank, in that order. Before

[[Page 240]]

use, the potassium permanganate solution shall be checked as in 
paragraph (c)(7)(i) of this section. Both flasks are swirled to mix the 
contents, and then aliquots from each flask are transferred to matched 
5-centimeter spectrophotometric absorption cells. Both cells are placed 
in the spectrophotometer cell compartment with the sample solution in 
the reference beam. The spectrophotometer is adjusted for 0 and 100 
percent transmittance at 700 m[micro]. The spectrum is scanned on the 
absorbance scale from 700 m[micro] to 500 m[micro] in such a way that 
the region 544 m[micro] to 552 m[micro] is scanned within 5 minutes to 
10 minutes of the time that permanganate was added to the solutions. The 
height of the absorbance peak shall be measured, corrected for the blank 
as determined in paragraph (c)(4)(v) of this section, and multiplied by 
the appropriate correction factor determined according to paragraph 
(c)(7) (i), (ii), and (iii) of this section. This test shall be run in 
duplicate and the two results averaged.
    (8) Determination of ultraviolet-absorbing extractives. (i) A 
distilled water solution containing 1.0 part per million of p-
methoxyphenol (melting point 54 [deg]C-56 [deg]C. Eastman grade or 
equivalent) shall be scanned in the region 360 to 220 m[micro] in 5-
centimeter silica spectro photo metric absorption cells versus a 
distilled water reference. The absorbance at the wavelength of maximum 
absorbance (should be about 285 m[micro]) is about 0.11 but must be not 
less than 0.08 nor more than 0.14. This test shall be run in duplicate. 
For the purpose of ascertaining compliance with the limitations 
prescribed in paragraph (b) (3) and (4) of this section, the absorbance 
obtained on the extracts according to paragraph (c)(8)(ii) of this 
section shall be multiplied by a correction factor, calculated as 
follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR01JA93.397

    (ii) An aliquot of the extract that has been exposed under the 
conditions specified in paragraph (c)(5) of this section is scanned in 
the wavelength region 360 to 220 m[micro] versus the appropriate solvent 
reference in matched 5-centimeter silica spectrophotometric absorption 
cells. The height of any absorption peak shall be measured, corrected 
for the blank as determined in paragraph (c)(4)(iii) of this section, 
and multiplied by the correction factor determined according to 
paragraph (c)(8)(i) of this section.
    (d) In accordance with current good manufacturing practice, finished 
semirigid and rigid acrylic and modified acrylic plastics, and articles 
containing these polymers, intended for repeated use in contact with 
food shall be thoroughly cleansed prior to their first use in contact 
with food.
    (e) Acrylonitrile copolymers identified in this section shall comply 
with the provisions of Sec.  180.22 of this chapter.
    (f) The acrylic and modified acrylic polymers identified in and 
complying with this section, when used as components of the food-contact 
surface of an article that is the subject of a regulation in this part 
and in parts 174, 175, 176, and 178 of this chapter, shall comply with 
any specifications and limitations prescribed by such regulation for the 
article in the finished form in which it is to contact food.

[42 FR 14572, Mar. 15, 1977; 42 FR 56728, Oct. 28, 1977, as amended at 
43 FR 54927, Nov. 24, 1978; 45 FR 67320, Oct. 10, 1980; 46 FR 46796, 
Sept. 22, 1981; 49 FR 10108, Mar. 19, 1984; 49 FR 13139, Apr. 3, 1984; 
50 FR 31045, July 24, 1985]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 177, Section 1010


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