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173.160 Candida guilliermondii.

Home > Regulations > Secondary direct food additives permitted in food for human consumption > 173.160 Candida guilliermondii.



[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR173.160]

[Page 131-132]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 173_SECONDARY DIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD FOR HUMAN 
CONSUMPTION--Table of Contents
 
            Subpart B_Enzyme Preparations and Microorganisms
 
Sec.  173.160  Candida guilliermondii.

    The food additive Candida guilliermondii may be safely used as the 
organism for fermentation production of citric acid in accordance with 
the following conditions:
    (a) The food additive is the enzyme system of the viable organism 
Candida guilliermondii and its concomitant metabolites produced during 
the fermentation process.

[[Page 132]]

    (b)(1) The nonpathogenic and nontoxicogenic organism descending from 
strain, American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) No. 20474,\1\ is 
classified as follows:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ Available from: American Type Culture Collection, 12301 Parklawn 
Drive, Rockville, MD 20852.

Class: Deuteromycetes.
Order: Moniliales.
Family: Cryptococcaceae.
Genus: Candida.
Species: guilliermondii.
Variety: guilliermondii.

    (2) The toxonomic characteristics of the reference culture strain 
ATCC No. 20474 agree in the essentials with the standard description for 
Candida guilliermondii variety guilliermondii listed in ``The Yeasts--A 
Toxonomic Study;'' 2d Ed. (1970), by Jacomina Lodder, which is 
incorporated by reference. Copies are available from the Center for Food 
Safety and Applied Nutrition (HFS-200), Food and Drug Administration, 
5100 Paint Branch Pkwy., College Park, MD 20740, or available for 
inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). 
For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-
741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal--register/code--of--
federal--regulations/ibr--locations.html.
    (c)(1) The additive is used or intended for use as a pure culture in 
the fermentation process for the production of citric acid using an 
acceptable aqueous carbohydrate substrate.
    (2) The organism Candida quilliermondii is made nonviable and is 
completely removed from the citric acid during the recovery and 
purification process.
    (d) The additive is so used that the citric acid produced conforms 
to the specifications of the ``Food Chemicals Codex,'' 3d Ed. (1981), 
under ``Citric acid,'' pp. 86-87, which is incorporated by reference. 
Copies may be obtained from the National Academy Press, 2101 
Constitution Ave. NW., Washington, DC 20418, or may be examined at the 
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on 
the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: 
http://www.archives.gov/federal--register/code--of--federal--
regulations/ibr--locations.html.

[42 FR 14526, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 47 FR 11838, Mar. 19, 1982; 
49 FR 10106, Mar. 19, 1984; 54 FR 24897, June 12, 1989]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 173, Section 160


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