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169.150 Salad dressing.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR169.150]

[Page 550-551]
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
  Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Food Dressings and 
Sec.  169.150  Salad dressing.

    (a) Description. Salad dressing is the emulsified semisolid food 
prepared from vegetable oil(s), one or both of the acidifying 
ingredients specified in paragraph (b) of this section, one or more of 
the egg yolk-containing ingredients specified in paragraph (c) of this 
section, and a starchy paste prepared as specified in paragraph (e) of 
this section. One or more of the ingredients in paragraph (e) of this 
section may also be used. The vegetable oil(s) used may contain an 
optional crystallization inhibitor as specified in paragraph (e)(8) of 
this section. All the ingredients from which the food is fabricated 
shall be safe and suitable. Salad dressing contains not less than 30 
percent by weight of vegetable oil and not less egg yolk-containing 
ingredient than is

[[Page 551]]

equivalent in egg yolk solids content to 4 percent by weight of liquid 
egg yolks. Salad dressing may be mixed and packed in an atmosphere in 
which air is replaced in whole or in part by carbon dioxide or nitrogen.
    (b) Acidifying ingredients. (1) Any vinegar or any vinegar diluted 
with water, or any such vinegar or diluted vinegar mixed with an 
optional acidifying ingredient as specified in paragraph (e)(6) of this 
section. For the purpose of this paragraph, any blend of two or more 
vinegars is considered to be a vinegar.
    (2) Lemon juice and/or lime juice in any appropriate form, which may 
be diluted with water.
    (c) Egg yolk-containing ingredients. Liquid egg yolks, frozen egg 
yolks, dried egg yolks, liquid whole eggs, frozen whole eggs, dried 
whole eggs, or any one of more of the foregoing ingredients listed in 
this paragraph with liquid egg white or frozen egg white.
    (d) Starchy paste. It may be prepared from a food starch, food 
starch-modified, tapioca flour, wheat flour, rye flour, or any two or 
more of these. Water may be added in the preparation of the paste.
    (e) Other optional ingredients. The following optional ingredients 
may also be used:
    (1) Salt.
    (2) Nutritive carbohydrate sweeteners.
    (3) Any spice (except saffron or turmeric) or natural flavoring, 
provided it does not impart to the salad dressing a color simulating the 
color imparted by egg yolk.
    (4) Monosodium glutamate.
    (5) Stabilizers and thickeners. Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate may be 
added in accordance with Sec.  172.810 of this chapter.
    (6) Citric and/or malic acid may be used in an amount not greater 
than 25 percent of the weight of the acids of the vinegar or diluted 
vinegar calculated as acetic acid.
    (7) Sequestrant(s), including but not limited to calcium disodium 
EDTA (calcium disodium ethylenediamine-tetraacetate) and/or disodium 
EDTA (disodium ethylenediamine-tetraactetate), may be used to preserve 
color and/or flavor.
    (8) Crystallization inhibitors, including but not limited to 
oxystearin, lecithin, or polyglycerol esters of fatty acids.
    (f) Nomenclature. The name of the food is ``Salad dressing''.
    (g) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter.

[42 FR 14481, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 42 FR 25325, May 17, 1977; 58 
FR 2886, Jan. 6, 1993]

Additives that reference this regulation:

Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 169, Section 150

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