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169.140 Mayonnaise.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR169.140]

[Page 550]
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
  Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Food Dressings and 
Sec.  169.140  Mayonnaise.

    (a) Description. Mayonnaise is the emulsified semisolid food 
prepared from vegetable oil(s), one or both of the acidifying 
ingredients specified in paragraph (b) of this section, and one or more 
of the egg yolk-containing ingredients specified in paragraph (c) of 
this section. One or more of the ingredients specified in paragraph (d) 
of this section may also be used. The vegetable oil(s) used may contain 
an optional crystallization inhibitor as specified in paragraph (d)(7) 
of this section. All the ingredients from which the food is fabricated 
shall be safe and suitable. Mayonnaise contains not less than 65 percent 
by weight of vegetable oil. Mayonnaise may be mixed and packed in an 
atmosphere in which air is replaced in whole or in part by carbon 
dioxide or nitrogen.
    (b) Acidifying ingredients. (1) Any vinegar or any vinegar diluted 
with water to an acidity, calculated as acetic acid, of not less than 
2\1/2\ percent by weight, or any such vinegar or diluted vinegar mixed 
with an optional acidifying ingredient as specified in paragraph (d)(6) 
of this section. For the purpose of this paragraph, any blend of two or 
more vinegars is considered to be a vinegar.
    (2) Lemon juice and/or lime juice in any appropriate form, which may 
be diluted with water to an acidity, calculated as citric acid, of not 
less than 2\1/2\ percent by weight.
    (c) Egg yolk-containing ingredients. Liquid egg yolks, frozen egg 
yolks, dried egg yolks, liquid whole eggs, frozen whole eggs, dried 
whole eggs, or any one or more of the foregoing ingredients listed in 
this paragraph with liquid egg white or frozen egg white.
    (d) Other optional ingredients. The following optional ingredients 
may also be used:
    (1) Salt.
    (2) Nutritive carbohydrate sweeteners.
    (3) Any spice (except saffron or turmeric) or natural flavoring, 
provided it does not impart to the mayonnaise a color simulating the 
color imparted by egg yolk.
    (4) Monosodium glutamate.
    (5) Sequestrant(s), including but not limited to calcium disodium 
EDTA (calcium disodium ethylenediamine- tetraacetate) and/or disodium 
EDTA (disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate), may be used to preserve 
color and/or flavor.
    (6) Citric and/or malic acid in an amount not greater than 25 
percent of the weight of the acids of the vinegar or diluted vinegar, 
calculated as acetic acid.
    (7) Crystallization inhibitors, including but not limited to 
oxystearin, lecithin, or polyglycerol esters of fatty acids.
    (e) Nomenclature. The name of the food is ``Mayonnaise''.
    (f) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter.

[42 FR 14481, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 57 FR 34246, Aug. 4, 1992; 58 
FR 2886, Jan. 6, 1993]

Additives that reference this regulation:

Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 169, Section 140

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