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156.145 Tomato juice.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR156.145]

[Page 485-486]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 156_VEGETABLE JUICES--Table of Contents
 
    Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Vegetable Juices
 
Sec.  156.145  Tomato juice.


    (a) Identity--(1) Definition. Tomato juice is the food intended for 
direct consumption, obtained from the unfermented liquid extracted from 
mature tomatoes of the red or reddish varieties of Lycopersicum 
esculentum P. Mill, with or without scalding followed by draining. In 
the extraction of such liquid, heat may be applied by any method which 
does not add water thereto. Such juice is strained free from peel, 
seeds, and other coarse or hard substances, but contains finely divided 
insoluble solids from the flesh of the tomato in accordance with current 
good manufacturing practice. Such juice may be homogenized, may be 
seasoned with salt, and may be acidified with any safe and suitable 
organic acid. The juice may have been concentrated and later 
reconstituted with water and/or tomato juice to a tomato soluble solids 
content of not less than 5.0 percent by weight as determined by the 
method prescribed in Sec.  156.3(b). The food is preserved by heat 
sterilization (canning), refrigeration, or freezing. When sealed in a 
container to be held at ambient temperatures, it is so processed by 
heat, before or after sealing, as to prevent spoilage.
    (2) Labeling. (i) The name of the food is:
    (a) ``Tomato juice'' if it is prepared from unconcentrated undiluted 
liquid extracted from mature tomatoes of reddish varieties.
    (b) ``Tomato juice from concentrate'' if the finished juice has been 
prepared from concentrated tomato juice as specified in paragraph (a)(1) 
of this section or if the finished juice is a mixture of tomato juice 
and tomato juice from concentrate.
    (ii) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter.
    (b) Quality. (1) The standard of quality for tomato juice is as 
follows:
    (i) The strength and redness of color is not less than the composite 
color produced by spinning the Munsell color discs in the following 
combination: 53 percent of the area of Disc 1; 28 percent of the area of 
Disc 2; and 19 percent of the area of either Disc 3 or Disc 4; or 9\1/2\ 
percent of the area of Disc 3 and 9\1/2\ percent of the area of Disc 4, 
whichever most nearly matches the appearance of the tomato juice.
    (ii) Not more than two defects for peel and blemishes, either singly 
or in combination, in addition to three defects for seeds or pieces of 
seeds, defined as follows, per 500 milliliters (16.9 fluid ounces):
    (a) Pieces of peel 3.2 millimeters (0.125 inch) or greater in 
length.
    (b) Blemishes such as dark brown or black particles (specks) greater 
than 1.6 millimeters (0.0625 inch) in length.
    (c) Seeds or pieces of seeds 3.2 millimeters (0.125 inch) or greater 
in length.
    (2) Methodology. (i) Determine strength and redness of color as 
specified in Sec.  156.3(a).
    (ii) Examine a total of 500 milliliters for peel, blemishes, and 
seeds. Divide the 500-milliliter sample into two 250-milliliter aliquots 
and pour each aliquot onto separate 30.5 x 45.7 centimeters (12 x 18 
inches) white grading trays. Remove defects and evaluate for color and 
size as defined in paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section.
    (3) Determine compliance as specified in Sec. 156.3(d).
    (4) If the quality of the tomato juice falls below the standard 
prescribed in paragraph (b)(1) and (3) of this section, the label shall 
bear the general statement of substandard quality specified in Sec.  
130.14(a) of this chapter, in the manner and form therein specified, but

[[Page 486]]

in lieu of such general statement of substandard quality when the 
quality of the tomato juice falls below the standard in one or more 
respects, the label may bear the alternative statement, ``Below Standard 
in Quality ------'', the blank to be filled in with the words specified 
after the corresponding paragraph (s) under paragraph (b)(1) of this 
section which such tomato juice fails to meet, as follows:
    (i) ``Poor color''.
    (ii)(a) ``Excessive pieces of peel''.
    (b) ``Excessive blemishes''.
    (c) ``Excessive seeds'' or ``excessive pieces of seed''.
    (c) Fill of container. (1) The standard of fill of container for 
tomato juice, as determined by the general method for fill of container 
prescribed in Sec.  130.12(b) of this chapter, is not less than 90 
percent of the total capacity, except when the food is frozen.
    (2) Determine compliance as specified in Sec.  156.3(d).
    (3) If the tomato juice falls below the standard of fill prescribed 
in paragraph (c)(1) and (2) of this section, the label shall bear the 
general statement of substandard fill specified in Sec.  130.14(b) of 
this chapter, in the manner and form therein prescribed.

[48 FR 3957, Jan. 28, 1983, as amended at 58 FR 2883, Jan. 6, 1993]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 156, Section 145


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