[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 155_CANNED VEGETABLES--Table of Contents
Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned Vegetables
Sec. 155.201 Canned mushrooms.
(a) Identity--(1) Definition. Canned mushrooms is the food properly
prepared from the caps and stems of succulent mushrooms conforming to
the characteristics of the species Agaricus (Psalliota) bisporus or A.
bitorquis, in one of the optional styles specified in paragraph (a)(2)
of this section, packed with a suitable liquid medium which may include
water; and may contain one or more safe and suitable optional
ingredients specified in paragraph (a)(3) of this section. The food is
sealed in a container and, before or after sealing, is so processed by
heat as to prevent spoilage.
(2) Styles. The optional styles of the mushroom ingredient referred
to in paragraph (a)(1) of this section are:
(i) Buttons--consisting of whole mushrooms with attached stems not
exceeding 5 millimeters (0.2 inch) in length, measured from the bottom
of the veil.
(ii) Whole--consisting of whole mushrooms with attached stems cut to
a length not exceeding the diameter of the cap, measured from the bottom
of the veil.
(iii) Quarters--consisting of buttons or whole style cut into four
approximately equal parts.
(iv) Slices or sliced--consisting of buttons or whole style of which
not less than 50 percent are cut parallel to the longitudinal axis of
the stem and 2 millimeters to 8 millimeters (0.08 inch to 0.32 inch) in
(v) Random sliced--consisting of buttons or whole style sliced in a
(vi) Pieces and stems--consisting of pieces of caps and stems of
irregular shapes and sizes.
(3) Optional ingredients. One or any combination of two or more of
the following safe and suitable optional ingredients as provided for in
paragraph (a)(1) of this section may be used:
(ii) Monosodium glutamate.
(iii) Disodium inosinate complying with the provisions of Sec.
172.535 of this chapter.
(iv) Disodium guanylate complying with the provisions of Sec.
172.530 of this chapter.
(v) Hydrolyzed vegetable protein.
(vi) Autolyzed yeast extract.
(vii) Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in a quantity not to exceed 132
for each 100 grams (37.5 milligrams for each ounce) of drained weight of
(viii) Organic acids (except no vinegar is permitted), only where
the inside metal of the container is fully enamel-lined and in glass
containers with fully enamel-lined caps. Ascorbic acid as provided for
in paragraph (a)(3)(vii) of this section.
(ix) Calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate (CaNa2
EDTA) in a quantity not to exceed 200 parts per million for use to
promote color retention.
(4) Labeling requirements. (i) The name of the food is mushrooms.
The style as provided for in paragraph (a)(2) of this section shall be
included as part of the name or in close proximity to the name of the
(ii) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter.
(c) Fill of container. (1) The standard of fill of container for
canned mushrooms is:
(i) The fill of the mushroom ingredient and packing medium, as
determined by the general method for fill of container prescribed in
Sec. 130.12(b) of this chapter, is not less than 90 percent of the
total capacity of the container.
(ii) The drained weight of the mushroom ingredient is not less than
56 percent of the water capacity of the container.
(iii) Determine drained weight as specified in Sec. 155.3(a).
(2) Determine compliance for minimum fill and drained weight as
specified in Sec. 155.3(b).
(3) If the canned mushrooms fall below the standard of fill
prescribed in paragraph (c)(1) (i) and/or (ii) and (2) of this section,
the label shall bear the general statement of substandard fill specified
in Sec. 130.14(b) of this chapter, in the manner and form therein
[48 FR 10813, Mar. 15, 1983, as amended at 58 FR 2883, Jan. 6, 1993]
Additives that reference this regulation: