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155.194 Catsup.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR155.194]

[Page 478-479]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 155_CANNED VEGETABLES--Table of Contents
 
   Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned Vegetables
 
Sec.  155.194  Catsup.

    (a) Identity--(1) Definition. Catsup, ketchup, or catchup is the 
food prepared from one or any combination of two or more of the 
following optional tomato ingredients:
    (i) Tomato concentrate as defined in Sec.  155.191(a)(1), except 
that lemon juice, concentrated lemon juice, or safe and suitable organic 
acids may be used in quantities no greater than necessary to adjust the 
pH, and in compliance with Sec.  155.191(b).
    (ii) The liquid derived from mature tomatoes of the red or reddish 
varieties Lycopersicum esculentum P. Mill.
    (iii) The liquid obtained from the residue from preparing such 
tomatoes for canning, consisting of peelings and cores with or without 
such tomatoes or pieces thereof.
    (iv) The liquid obtained from the residue from partial extraction of 
juice from such tomatoes.


Such liquid is strained so as to exclude skins, seeds, and other coarse 
or hard substances in accordance with current good manufacturing 
practice. Prior to straining, food-grade hydrochloric acid may be added 
to the tomato material in an amount to obtain a pH no lower than 2.0. 
Such acid is then neutralized with food-grade sodium hydroxide so that 
the treated tomato material is restored to a pH of 4.20.2. The final composition of the food may be adjusted 
by concentration and/or by the addition of water. The food may contain 
salt (sodium chloride formed during acid neutralization shall be 
considered added salt) and is seasoned with ingredients as specified in 
paragraph (a)(2) of this section. The food is preserved by heat 
sterilization (canning), refrigeration, or freezing. When sealed in a 
container to be held at ambient temperatures, it is so processed by 
heat, before or after sealing, as to prevent spoilage.
    (2) Ingredients. One or any combination of two or more of the 
following safe and suitable ingredients in each of the following 
categories is added to the tomato ingredients specified in paragraph 
(a)(1) of this section:
    (i) Vinegars.
    (ii) Nutritive carbohydrate sweeteners. Such sweeteners if defined 
in part 168 of this chapter shall be as defined therein.
    (iii) Spices, flavoring, onions, or garlic.
    (3) Labeling. (i) The name of the food is ``Catsup,'' ``Ketchup,'' 
or ``Catchup.''
    (ii) The following shall be included as part of the name or in close 
proximity to the name of the food:
    (a) The statement ``Made from'' or ``Made in part from,'' as the 
case may be, ``residual tomato material from canning'' if the optional 
tomato ingredient specified in paragraph (a)(1)(iii) of this section or 
tomato concentrate containing the ingredient specified in Sec.  
155.191(a)(1)(ii) is present.
    (b) The statement ``Made from'' or ``Made in part from,'' as the 
case may be, ``residual tomato material from partial extraction of 
juice'' if the optional tomato ingredient specified in paragraph 
(a)(1)(iv) of this section or tomato concentrate containing the 
ingredient specified in Sec.  155.191(a)(1)(iii) is present.
    (iii) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter; except that the name ``tomato 
concentrate'' may be used in lieu of the names ``tomato puree,'' 
``tomato pulp,'' or ``tomato paste'' and when tomato concentrates are 
used, the labeling requirements of Sec.  155.191(a)(3)(ii)(a) and 
(a)(3)(ii)(b) do not apply.
    (b) Quality. (1) The standard of quality for catsup is as follows: 
The consistency of the finished food is such that its flow is not more 
than 14 centimeters in 30 seconds at 20 [deg]C when tested in a Bostwick 
Consistometer in the following manner: Check temperature of mixture and 
adjust to 201 [deg]C. The trough must also be at a 
temperature close to 20 [deg]C. Adjust end-to-end level of Bostwick 
Consistometer by means of

[[Page 479]]

the spirit level placed in trough of instrument. Side-to-side level may 
be adjusted by means of the built-in spirit level. Transfer sample to 
the dry sample chamber of the Bostwick Consistometer. Fill the chamber 
slightly more than level full, avoiding air bubbles as far as possible. 
Pass a straight edge across top of chamber starting from the gate end to 
remove excess product. Release gate of instrument by gradual pressure on 
lever, holding the instrument down at the same time to prevent its 
movement as the gate is released. Immediately start the stop watch or 
interval timer, and after 30 seconds read the maximum distance of flow 
to the nearest 0.1 centimeter. Clean and dry the instrument and repeat 
the reading on another portion of sample. Do not wash instrument with 
hot water if it is to be used immediately for the next determination, as 
this may result in an increase in temperature of the sample. For highest 
accuracy, the instrument should be maintained at a temperature of 
201 [deg]C. If readings vary more than 0.2 
centimeter, repeat a third time or until satisfactory agreement is 
obtained. Report the average of two or more readings, excluding any that 
appear to be abnormal.
    (2) Determine compliance as specified in Sec.  155.3(b).
    (3) If the quality of catsup falls below the standard prescribed in 
paragraphs (b) (1) and (2) of this section, the label shall bear the 
general statement of substandard quality specified in Sec.  130.14(a) of 
this chapter, in the manner and form therein specified, but in lieu of 
such general statement of substandard quality when the quality of the 
catsup falls below the standard, the label may bear the alternative 
statement, ``Below Standard in Quality--Low Consistency.''
    (c) Fill of container. (1) The standard of fill of container for 
catsup, as determined by the general method for fill of container 
prescribed in Sec.  130.12(b) of this chapter, is not less than 90 
percent of the total capacity except:
    (i) When the food is frozen, or
    (ii) When the food is packaged in individual serving-size packages 
containing 56.7 grams (2 ounces) or less.
    (2) Determine compliance as specified in Sec.  155.3(b).
    (3) If the catsup falls below the standard of fill prescribed in 
paragraphs (c) (1) and (2) of this section, the label shall bear the 
general statement of substandard fill as specified in Sec.  130.14(b) of 
this chapter, in the manner and form therein specified.

[48 FR 3956, Jan. 28, 1983, as amended at 49 FR 15073, Apr. 17, 1984; 58 
FR 2883, Jan. 6, 1993]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 155, Section 194


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