US Code of Federal Regulations - Title 21 - Regulation Number: 146.146 Frozen concentrated orange juice.
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146.146 Frozen concentrated orange juice.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR146.146]

[Page 445-446]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 146_CANNED FRUIT JUICES--Table of Contents
 
Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned Fruit Juices and 
                                Beverages
 
Sec.  146.146  Frozen concentrated orange juice.

    (a) Frozen concentrated orange juice is the food prepared by 
removing water from the juice of mature oranges as provided in Sec.  
146.135, to which may be added unfermented juice obtained from mature 
oranges of the species Citrus reticulata, other Citrus reticulata 
hybrids, or of Citrus aurantium, or both. However, in the unconcentrated 
blend, the volume of juice from Citrus reticulata or Citrus reticulata 
hybrids shall not exceed 10 percent (except that this limitation shall 
not apply to the hybrid species described in Sec.  146.135) and from 
Citrus aurantium shall not exceed 5 percent. The concentrate so obtained 
is frozen. In its preparation, seeds (except embryonic seeds and small 
fragments of seeds that cannot be separated by good manufacturing 
practice) and excess pulp are removed, and a properly prepared water 
extract of the excess pulp so removed may be added. Orange oil, orange 
pulp, orange essence (obtained from orange juice), orange juice and 
other orange juice concentrate as provided in this section or 
concentrated orange juice for manufacturing provided in Sec.  146.153 
(when made from mature oranges), water, and one or more of the optional 
sweetening ingredients specified in paragraph (b) of this section may be 
added to adjust the final composition. The juice of Citrus reticulata 
and Citrus aurantium, as permitted by this paragraph, may be added in 
single strength or concentrated form prior to concentration of the 
Citrus sinensis juice, or in concentrated form during adjustment of the 
composition of the finished food. The addition of concentrated juice 
from Citrus reticulata or Citrus aurantium, or both, shall not exceed, 
on a single-strength basis, the 10 percent maximum for Citrus reticulata 
and the 5 percent maximum for Citrus aurantium prescribed by this 
paragraph. Any of the ingredients of the finished concentrate may have 
been so treated by heat as to reduce substantially the enzymatic 
activity and the number of viable microorganisms. The finished food is 
of such concentration that when diluted according to label directions 
the diluted article will contain not less than 11.8 percent by weight of 
orange juice soluble solids, exclusive of the solids of any added 
optional sweetening ingredients. The dilution ratio shall be not less 
than 3 plus 1. For the purposes of this section and Sec.  146.150, the 
term ``dilution ratio'' means the whole number of volumes of water per 
volume of frozen concentrate required to produce orange juice from 
concentrate having orange juice soluble solids of not less than 11.8 
percent by weight exclusive of the solids of any added optional 
sweetening ingredients.
    (b) The optional sweetening ingredients referred to in paragraph (a) 
of this section are sugar, sugar sirup, invert sugar, invert sugar 
sirup, dextrose, corn sirup, dried corn sirup, glucose sirup, and dried 
glucose sirup.

[[Page 446]]

    (c) If one or more of the sweetening ingredients specified in 
paragraph (b) of this section are added to the frozen concentrated 
orange juice, the label shall bear the statement ``------ added'', the 
blank being filled in with the name or an appropriate combination of 
names of the sweetening ingredients used. However, for the purpose of 
this section, the name ``sweetener'' may be used in lieu of the specific 
name or names of the sweetening ingredients.
    (d) The name of the food concentrated to a dilution ratio of 3 plus 
1 is ``frozen concentrated orange juice'' or ``frozen orange juice 
concentrate''. The name of the food concentrated to a dilution ratio 
greater than 3 plus 1 is ``frozen concentrated orange juice, ------ plus 
1'' or ``frozen orange juice concentrate, ------ plus 1'', the blank 
being filled in with the whole number showing the dilution ratio; for 
example, ``frozen orange juice concentrate, 4 plus 1''. However, where 
the label bears directions for making 1 quart of orange juice from 
concentrate (or multiples of a quart), the blank in the name may be 
filled in with a mixed number; for example, ``frozen orange juice 
concentrate, 4\1/3\ plus 1''. For containers larger than 1 pint, the 
dilution ratio in the name may be replaced by the concentration of 
orange juice soluble solids in degrees Brix; for example, a 62[deg] Brix 
concentrate in 3\1/2\-gallon cans may be named on the label ``frozen 
concentrated orange juice, 62[deg] Brix''.
    (e) Wherever the name of the food appears on the label so 
conspicuously as to be easily seen under customary conditions of 
purchase, the statements specified in this section for naming the 
optional ingredients used shall immediately and conspicuously precede or 
follow the name of the food, without intervening written, printed, or 
graphic matter.
    (f) Nothing in this section is intended to interfere with the 
adoption and enforcement by any State, in regulating the production of 
frozen concentrated orange juice in such State, of State standards, 
consistent with this section, but which impose higher or more 
restrictive requirements than those set forth in this section.
    (g) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter.

[42 FR 14433, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 57 FR 57667, Dec. 7, 1992; 58 
FR 2881, Jan. 6, 1993]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 146, Section 146


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