US Code of Federal Regulations - Title 21 - Regulation Number: 146.140 Pasteurized orange juice.
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146.140 Pasteurized orange juice.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR146.140]

[Page 442-443]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 146_CANNED FRUIT JUICES--Table of Contents
 
Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned Fruit Juices and 
                                Beverages
 
Sec.  146.140  Pasteurized orange juice.

    (a) Pasteurized orange juice is the food prepared from unfermented 
juice obtained from mature oranges as specified in Sec.  146.135, to 
which may be added not more that 10 percent by volume of the unfermented 
juice obtained from mature oranges of the species Citrus reticulata or 
Citrus reticulata hybrids (except that this limitation shall not apply 
to the hybrid species described in Sec.  146.135). Seeds (except 
embryonic

[[Page 443]]

seeds and small fragments of seeds that cannot be separated by good 
manufacturing practice) are removed, and pulp and orange oil may be 
adjusted in accordance with good manufacturing practice. If the 
adjustment involves the addition of pulp, then such pulp shall not be of 
the washed or spent type. The solids may be adjusted by the addition of 
one or more of the optional concentrated orange juice ingredients 
specified in paragraph (b) of this section. One or more of the optional 
sweetening ingredients listed in paragraph (c) of this section may be 
added in a quantity reasonably necessary to raise the Brix or the Brix-
acid ratio to any point within the normal range usually found in 
unfermented juice obtained from mature oranges as specified in Sec.  
146.135. The orange juice is so treated by heat as to reduce 
substantially the enzymatic activity and the number of viable 
microorganisms. Either before or after such heat treatment, all or a 
part of the product may be frozen. The finished pasteurized orange juice 
contains not less than 10.5 percent by weight of orange juice soluble 
solids, exclusive of the solids of any added optional sweetening 
ingredients, and the ratio of the Brix hydrometer reading to the grams 
of anhydrous citric acid per 100 milliliters of juice is not less than 
10 to 1.
    (b) The optional concentrated orange juice ingredients referred to 
in paragraph (a) of this section are frozen concentrated orange juice as 
specified in Sec.  146.146 and concentrated orange juice for 
manufacturing as specified in Sec.  146.153 when made from mature 
oranges; but the quantity of such concentrated orange juice ingredients 
added shall not contribute more than one-fourth of the total orange 
juice solids in the finished pasteurized orange juice.
    (c) The optional sweetening ingredients referred to in paragraph (a) 
of this section are sugar, invert sugar, dextrose, dried corn sirup, 
dried glucose sirup.
    (d)(1) The name of the food is ``Pasteurized orange juice''. If the 
food is filled into containers and preserved by freezing, the label 
shall bear the name ``Frozen pasteurized orange juice''. The words 
``pasteurized'' or ``frozen pasteurized'' shall be shown on labels in 
letters not less than one-half the height of the letters in the words 
``orange juice''.
    (2) If the pasteurized orange juice is filled into containers and 
refrigerated, the label shall bear the name of the food, ``chilled 
pasteurized orange juice''. If it does not purport to be either canned 
orange juice or frozen pasteurized orange juice, the word ``chilled'' 
may be omitted from the name. The words ``pasteurized'' or ``chilled 
pasteurized'' shall be shown in letters not less than one-half the 
height of the letters in the words ``orange juice''.
    (e)(1) If a concentrated orange juice ingredient specified in 
paragraph (b) of this section is used in adjusting the orange juice 
solids of the pasteurized orange juice, the label shall bear the 
statement ``prepared in part from concentrated orange juice'' or ``with 
added concentrated orange juice'' or ``concentrated orange juice 
added''.
    (2) If one or more of the sweetening ingredients specified in 
paragraph (c) of this section are added to the pasteurized orange juice, 
the label shall bear the statement ``------ added'', the blank being 
filled in with the name or an appropriate combination of the names of 
the sweetening ingredients used. However, for the purpose of this 
section, the name ``sweetener'' may be used in lieu of the specific name 
or names of the sweetening ingredients.
    (f) Wherever the name of the food appears on the label so 
conspicuously as to be easily seen under customary conditions of 
purchase, the statements specified in this section for naming the 
optional ingredients used shall immediately and conspicuously precede or 
follow the name of the food, without intervening written, printed, or 
graphic matter.
    (g) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter.

[42 FR 14433, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 57 FR 57667, Dec. 7, 1992; 58 
FR 2881, Jan. 6, 1993]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 146, Section 140


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