[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 146_CANNED FRUIT JUICES--Table of Contents
Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned Fruit Juices and
Sec. 146.120 Frozen concentrate for lemonade.
(a) Frozen concentrate for lemonade is the frozen food prepared from
one or both of the lemon juice ingredients specified in paragraph (b) of
this section together with one or any mixture of safe and suitable
nutritive carbohydrate sweeteners. The product contains not less than
48.0 percent by weight of soluble solids taken as the sucrose value
determined by refractometer and corrected for acidity prescribed in
``Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical
Chemists,'' 13th Ed. (1980), section 22.025, ``Frozen Concentrate for
Lemonade (12),'' under the heading ``Soluble Solids by Refractometer--
Official First Action,'' which is incorporated by reference. Copies may
be obtained from the AOAC INTERNATIONAL, 481 North Frederick Ave., suite
500, Gaithersburg, MD 20877, or may be examined at the National Archives
and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability
of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://
locations.html When the product is diluted according to directions for
making lemonade which shall appear on the label, the acidity of the
lemonade, calculated as anhydrous citric acid, shall be not less than
per 100 milliliters, and the soluble solids, measured as described for
the concentrate, shall be not less than 10.5 percent by weight.
(b) The lemon juice ingredients referred to in paragraph (a) of this
(1) Lemon juice or frozen lemon juice or a mixture of these.
(2) Concentrated lemon juice or frozen concentrated lemon juice or a
mixture of these.
For the purposes of this section, lemon juice is the undiluted juice
expressed from mature lemons of an acid variety; and concentrated lemon
juice is lemon juice from which part of the water has been removed. In
the preparation of the lemon juice ingredients, the lemon oil content
may be adjusted by the addition of lemon oil or concentrated lemon oil
in accordance with good manufacturing practice, and the lemon pulp in
the juice as expressed may be left in the juice or may be separated.
Lemon pulp that has been separated, which may have been preserved by
freezing, may be added in preparing frozen concentrate for lemonade,
provided that the amount of pulp added does not raise the proportion of
pulp in the finished food to a level in excess of that which would be
present by using lemon juice ingredients from which pulp has not been
separated. The lemon juice ingredients may be treated by heat, either
before or after the other ingredients are added, to reduce the enzymatic
activity and the number of viable microorganisms.
(c) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter.
[42 FR 14433, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 47 FR 11830, Mar. 19, 1982;
49 FR 10100, Mar. 19, 1984; 54 FR 24895, June 12, 1989; 58 FR 2881, Jan.
6, 1993; 63 FR 14035, Mar. 24, 1998]
Additives that reference this regulation: