[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 146_CANNED FRUIT JUICES--Table of Contents
Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned Fruit Juices and
Sec. 146.114 Lemon juice.
(a) Identity--(1) Description. Lemon juice is the unfermented juice,
obtained by mechanical process, from sound, mature lemons (Citrus limon
(L.) Burm. f.), from which seeds (except embryonic seeds and small
fragments of seed which cannot be separated by good manufacturing
practice) and excess pulp are removed. The juice may be adjusted by the
addition of the optional concentrated lemon juice ingredient specified
in paragraph (a)(2) of this section in such quantity so that the
increase in acidity, calculated as anhydrous citric acid, does not
exceed 15 percent of the acidity of the finished food. The lemon oil and
lemon essence (derived from lemons) content may be adjusted in
accordance with good manufacturing practice. The juice may have been
concentrated and later reconstituted. When prepared from concentrated
lemon juice, the finished food contains not less than 6 percent, by
weight, of soluble solids taken as the refractometric sucrose value (of
the filtrate), corrected to 20 [deg]C, but uncorrected for acidity, in
accordance with the ``International Scale of Refractive Indices of
Sucrose Solutions'' in section 52.012 of ``Official Methods of Analysis
of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists,'' 13th Ed. (1980),
which is incorporated by reference, and has a titratable acidity content
of not less than 4.5 percent, by weight, calculated as anhydrous citrus
acid. Copies of the incorporation by reference may be obtained from the
AOAC INTERNATIONAL, 481 North Frederick Ave., suite 500, Gaithersburg,
MD 20877, or may be examined at the National Archives and Records
Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this
material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/
code--of--federal--regulations/ibr--locations.html. The food may contain
one or any combination of the safe and suitable optional ingredients
specified in paragraph (a)(2) of this section. Lemon juice, as defined
in this paragraph, may be preserved by heat sterilization (canning),
refrigeration, freezing, or by the addition of safe and suitable
preservatives. When sealed in a container to be held at ambient
temperatures, it is preserved by the addition of safe and suitable
preservatives or so processed by heat, before or after sealing, as to
(2) Optional ingredients. The optional safe and suitable ingredients
referred to in paragraph (a)(1) of this section are:
(i) Concentrated lemon juice (lemon juice from which part of the
water has been removed).
(ii) Water and/or lemon juice to reconstitute concentrated lemon
juice in the manufacture of lemon juice from concentrate.
(3) Labeling. (i) The name of the food is:
(a) ``Lemon juice'' (1) if the food is prepared from unconcentrated,
undiluted liquid extracted from mature lemons; or (2) if the food is
prepared from unconcentrated, undiluted liquid extracted from mature
lemons to which concentrated lemon juice is added to adjust acidity as
provided for in paragraph (a)(1) of this section.
(b) ``Lemon juice from concentrate'' or ``reconstituted lemon
juice'' (1) if the food is prepared from concentrated lemon juice and
water and/or lemon juice; or (2) if the food is prepared from lemon
juice from concentrate and lemon juice. The words ``from concentrate''
or ``reconstituted'' shall be shown in letters not less than one-half
the height of the letters in the word ``lemon juice.''
(ii) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter.
(c) Fill of container. (1) The standard of fill of container for
lemon juice, except when the food is frozen, is not less than 90 percent
of the total capacity of the container as determined by the general
method for fill of container prescribed in Sec. 130.12(b) of this
chapter, except (i) when the food is frozen or (ii) when the food is
packaged in individual serving-size packages, containing \1/2\ fluid
ounce or less, for use as described in Sec. 1.24(a)(3) of this chapter.
(2) Compliance is determined as specified in Sec. 146.3(g)(2).
(3) If the lemon juice fails to meet the standard of fill as
prescribed in paragraph (c) (1) and (2) of this section, the label shall
bear the general statement of substandard fill specified in Sec.
130.14(b) of this chapter, in the manner and form therein prescribed.
[45 FR 7786, Feb. 5, 1980, as amended at 47 FR 11830, Mar. 19, 1982; 49
FR 10100, Mar. 19, 1984; 54 FR 24895, June 12, 1989; 58 FR 2881, Jan. 6,
1993; 63 FR 14035, Mar. 24, 1998]
Additives that reference this regulation: