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145.185 Canned plums.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR145.185]

[Page 433-435]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 145_CANNED FRUITS--Table of Contents
 
     Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned Fruits
 
Sec.  145.185  Canned plums.

    (a) Identity--(1) Ingredients. Canned plums is the food prepared 
from clean, sound, and mature fruit of plum varieties conforming to the 
characteristics of Prunus domestica L., greengage varieties conforming 
to the characteristics of Prunus italica L., mirabelle or damson 
varieties conforming to the characteristics of Prunus insititia L., or 
cherry varieties conforming to the characteristics of Prunus cerasifera 
Ehrh. The food consists of one of the optional styles of the plum 
ingredient, specified in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, and one of 
the optional packing media specified in paragraph (a)(3) of this 
section. Such food may also contain one, or any combination of two or 
more of the following safe and suitable optional ingredients:
    (i) Natural and artificial flavors.
    (ii) Spice.
    (iii) Vinegar, lemon juice, or organic acids.
    (iv) Artificial coloring.


Such food is sealed in a container and before or after sealing is so 
processed by heat so as to prevent spoilage.
    (2) Optional styles of the plum ingredient. The optional plum 
ingredients specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section are peeled or 
unpeeled:
    (i) Whole.
    (ii) Halves.


Peeled or unpeeled whole plums are pitted or, alternatively, unpitted. 
Peeled or unpeeled plum halves are pitted.
    (3) Packing media. (i) The optional packing media referred to in 
paragraph (a)(1) of this section, as defined in Sec.  145.3 are:
    (a) Water.
    (b) Fruit juice(s) and water.
    (c) Fruit juice(s).


Such packing media may be used as such or any one or any combination of 
two or more safe and suitable nutritive carbohydrate sweetener(s) may be 
added. Sweeteners defined in Sec.  145.3 shall be as defined therein, 
except that a nutritive carbohydrate sweetener for which a standard of 
identity has been established in part 168 of this chapter shall comply 
with such standard in lieu of any definition that may appear in Sec.  
145.3.
    (ii) When a sweetener is added as a part of any such liquid packing 
medium, the density range of the resulting packing medium expressed as 
percent by weight of sucrose (degrees Brix) as determined by the 
procedure prescribed in Sec.  145.3(m) shall be designated by the 
appropriate name for the respective density ranges, namely:
    (a) When the density of the solution is 11 percent or more but less 
than 15 percent, the medium shall be designated as ``slightly sweetened 
water'', or ``extra light sirup'', ``slightly sweetened fruit juice(s) 
and water'' or ``slightly sweetened fruit juice(s)'', as the case may 
be.
    (b) When the density of the solution is 15 percent or more, but less 
than 19 percent, the medium shall be designated as ``light sirup'', 
``lightly sweetened fruit juice(s) and water'', or ``lightly sweetened 
fruit juice(s)'', as the case may be.
    (c) When the density of the solution is 19 percent or more, but less 
than 25 percent, the medium shall be designated as ``heavy sirup'', 
``heavily sweetened fruit juice(s) and water'', or ``heavily sweetened 
fruit juice(s)'', as the case may be.
    (d) When the density of the solution is 25 percent or more, but less 
than 35 percent, the medium shall be designated as ``extra heavy 
sirup'', ``extra heavily sweetened fruit juice(s) and water'', or 
``extra heavily sweetened fruit juice(s)'', as the case may be.

[[Page 434]]

    (4) Labeling requirements. (i) The name of the food is ``plums'' 
accompanied by the color designation ``yellow'' or ``golden'' or ``red'' 
or ``purple'', as appropriate, or the specific name of the variety or 
``Greengage plums'', ``Damson plums'', ``Cherry plums'', ``Mirabelle 
plums''. The name of the food shall also include a declaration of any 
flavoring that characterizes the product as specified in Sec.  101.22 of 
this chapter and a declaration of any spice or seasoning that 
characterizes the product; for example, ``Spice added'', or in lieu of 
the word ``Spice'', the common name of the spice; ``Seasoned with 
vinegar''. When two or more of the optional ingredients specified in 
paragraphs (a)(1) (ii) and (iii) of this section are used, such words 
may be combined as for example, ``Seasoned with cider vinegar, cloves, 
and cinnamon oil''.
    (ii) The style of the plum ingredient as provided in paragraph 
(a)(2) of this section and the name of the packing medium specified in 
paragraphs (a)(3) (i) and (ii) of this section, preceded by ``In'' or 
``Packed in'' shall be included as part of the name or in close 
proximity to the name of the food. The style of the plum ingredient 
shall be preceded or followed by ``Peeled'' when the plums are peeled 
and by ``Pitted'' in the case of whole pitted plums. ``Halves'' may be 
alternatively designated ``Halved''. When the packing medium is prepared 
with a sweetener(s) which imparts a taste, flavor or other 
characteristics to the finished food in addition to sweetness, the name 
of the packing medium shall be accompanied by the name of such 
sweetener(s), as for example, in the case of a mixture of brown sugar 
and honey, an appropriate statement would be ``------ sirup of brown 
sugar and honey'', the blank to be filled in with the word ``light'', 
``heavy'', or ``extra heavy'', as the case may be. When the liquid 
portion of the packing media provided for in paragraphs (a)(3) (i) and 
(ii) of this section consists of fruit juice(s), such juice(s) shall be 
designated in the name of the packing medium as:
    (a) In the case of a single fruit juice, the name of the juice shall 
be used in lieu of the word ``fruit'',
    (b) In the case of a combination of two or more fruit juices, the 
names of the juices in the order of predominance by weight shall either 
be used in lieu of the word ``fruit'' in the name of the packing medium, 
or be declared on the label as specified in paragraph (a)(4)(iii) of 
this section, and
    (c) In the case of a single fruit juice or a combination of two or 
more fruit juices any of which are made from concentrate(s), the words 
``from concentrate(s)'' shall follow the word ``juice(s)'' in the name 
of the packing medium and in the name(s) of such juice(s) when declared 
as specified in paragraph (a)(4)(iii) of this section.
    (iii) Whenever the names of the fruit juices used do not appear in 
the name of the packing medium as provided in paragraph (a)(4)(ii)(b) of 
this section, such names and the words ``from concentrate'', as 
specified in paragraph (a)(4)(ii)(c) of this section, shall appear in an 
ingredient statement pursuant to the requirements of Sec.  101.3(d) of 
this chapter.
    (iv) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter.
    (b) Quality. (1) The standard of quality for canned plums is as 
follows:
    (i) Blemishes (damaged). After draining in accordance with the 
procedure set out in Sec.  145.3(n) not more than 30 percent by weight 
of the drained plums consists of plums which have been blemished or 
damaged by any of the following factors either singly or in combination: 
Damaged by insects; appearance or eating quality materially affected by 
friction, disease, external stone gum or discoloration.
    (ii) Crushed or broken units in whole and halves styles. In the case 
of the whole styles, not more than 25 percent by weight of the drained 
plums are deformed or broken to an extent that the normal shape of the 
fruit is seriously affected. In the case of the halves style, not more 
than 25 percent by weight of the drained plums are damaged or torn to 
such an extent that they are smaller than 50 percent of a plum half.
    (iii) Blemishes and crushed or broken units. Not more than 35 
percent by weight of the drained plums consist of both blemishes as 
specified in paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section and

[[Page 435]]

crushed or broken units in the case of the whole and halves styles as 
specified in paragraph (b)(2)(ii) of this section.
    (iv) Extraneous plant material. Not more than one piece of stalk or 
stem from the plum tree or other harmless extraneous plant material per 
200 grams (7 ounces) of drained plums.
    (v) Loose pits in whole style. Not more than three loose pits per 
500 grams (17.6 ounces) of drained plums.
    (vi) Pits or pieces of pits in whole pitted and halves styles. Not 
more than two pits or pieces of pits per 500 grams (17.8 ounces) of 
drained plums.
    (2) Determine compliance as specified in Sec.  145.3(o) except that 
a lot shall be deemed to be in compliance for extraneous plant material, 
loose pits in whole style, and pits or pieces of pits in whole pitted 
and halves styles based on the average of all samples analyzed according 
to the sampling plans set out in Sec.  145.3(p).
    (3) If the quality of canned plums falls below the standard 
prescribed in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, the label shall bear the 
general statement of substandard quality specified in Sec.  130.14(a) of 
this chapter, in the manner and form therein specified; however, if the 
quality of the canned plums falls below standard with respect to only 
one of the factors of quality specified in paragraphs (b)(1) (i) through 
(vi) of this section, there may be substituted for the second line of 
such general statement of substandard quality (``Good Food--Not High 
Grade'') a new line, as specified after the corresponding designation of 
paragraph (b)(1) of this section which the canned plums fail to meet, as 
follows:
    (i) ``Blemished'';
    (ii) ``Partly crushed or broken'';
    (iii) ``Blemished and partly crushed or broken'';
    (iv) ``Contains extraneous plant material'';
    (v) ``Contains loose pits''; or
    (vi) ``Contains pits'' or ``Contains pieces of pits''.
    (c) Fill of container. (1) The standard of fill of container for 
canned plums is:
    (i) The fill of the plums and packing medium, as determined by the 
general method for fill of container prescribed in Sec.  130.12(b) of 
this chapter, is not less than 90 percent of the total capacity of the 
container.
    (ii) The drained weight of the plum ingredient as determined by the 
method prescribed in Sec.  145.3(n) is not less than 50 percent for 
whole styles and 55 percent for halves styles based on the water 
capacity of containers as determined in Sec.  130.12(a) of this chapter.
    (2) Determine compliance for fill of container as specified in Sec.  
145.3(o).
    (3) If canned plums fall below the standard of fill of container 
prescribed in paragraph (c)(1) of this section, the label shall bear the 
statement of substandard fill specified in Sec.  130.14(b) of this 
chapter, in the manner and form therein specified. If canned plums fall 
below the standard of fill of container in respect to drained weight, 
the words ``Low drained weight'' shall follow the general statement of 
substandard fill on the label.

[42 FR 14414, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 58 FR 2880, Jan. 6, 1993]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 145, Section 185


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