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145.120 Canned berries.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR145.120]

[Page 404-405]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 145_CANNED FRUITS--Table of Contents
 
     Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned Fruits
 
Sec.  145.120  Canned berries.

    (a) Identity--(1) Ingredients. Canned berries is the food prepared 
from any suitable variety of one of the optional berry ingredients 
specified in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, which may be packed in 
one of the optional packing media specified in paragraph (a)(3) of this 
section, and may contain one or any combination of two or more of the 
safe and suitable optional ingredients specified in paragraph (a)(4) of 
this section. Such food is sealed in a container and before or after 
sealing is so processed by heat to prevent spoilage.
    (2) Varietal types. The optional berry ingredients referred to in 
paragraph (a)(1) of this section are prepared from stemmed fruit of the 
following optional varietal types of berry ingredient; namely:
    (i) Raspberry varieties conforming to the characteristics of Rubus 
idaeus L. or Rubus occidentalis L.
    (ii) Blackberries.
    (iii) Blueberries.
    (iv) Boysenberries.
    (v) Dewberries.
    (vi) Gooseberries.
    (vii) Huckleberries.
    (viii) Loganberries.
    (ix) Strawberry varieties conforming to the characteristics of 
Fragaria.
    (x) Youngberries.
    (3) Packing media. (i) The optional packing media referred to in 
paragraph (a)(1) of this section as defined in Sec.  145.3 are:
    (a) Water.
    (b) Fruit juice(s) and water.
    (c) Fruit juice(s).


Such packing media may be used as such or any one or any combination of 
two or more safe and suitable nutritive carbohydrate sweeteners may be 
added. Sweeteners listed in Sec.  145.3 shall be as defined therein, 
except that a nutritive carbohydrate sweetener for which a standard of 
identity has been established in part 168 of this chapter shall comply 
with such standard in lieu of any definition that may appear in Sec.  
145.3.
    (ii) When a sweetener is added as a part of any such liquid packing 
medium, the four density ranges of the resulting packing media 
hereinafter specified for each berry ingredient, expressed as percent by 
weight of sucrose (degrees Brix) as determined by the procedure 
described in Sec.  145.3(m), shall be designated by the appropriate name 
for each of the respective density ranges for each berry ingredient as:
    (a) ``Slightly sweetened water''; or ``extra light sirup''; 
``slightly sweetened fruit juice(s) and water''; or ``slightly sweetened 
fruit juice(s)'', as the case may be.
    (b) ``Light sirup'', when the liquid used is water, ``lightly 
sweetened fruit juice(s) and water''; or ``lightly sweetened fruit 
juice(s)'', as the case may be.
    (c) ``Heavy sirup'', when the liquid used is water; or ``heavily 
sweetened fruit juice(s) and water''; or ``heavily sweetened fruit 
juice(s)'', as the case may be.
    (d) ``Extra heavy sirup'', when the liquid used is water; or ``extra 
heavily sweetened fruit juice(s) and water''; or ``extra heavily 
sweetened fruit juice(s)'', as the case may be.

The density ranges referred to herein are:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  Density ranges
                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                          (a)                 (b)                 (c)                 (d)
    Optional berry ingredient    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Maximum             Maximum             Maximum             Maximum
                                   Minimum    less     Minimum    less     Minimum    less     Minimum  not more
                                              than                than                than                than
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Blackberries....................  ........        14        14        19        19        24        24        35
Blueberries.....................  ........        15        15        20        20        25        25        35
Boysenberries...................  ........        14        14        19        19        24        24        35
Dewberries......................  ........        14        14        19        19        24        24        35
Gooseberries....................  ........        14        14        20        20        25        25        35
Huckleberries...................  ........        15        15        20        20        25        25        35
Loganberries....................  ........        14        14        19        19        24        24        35

[[Page 405]]


Raspberries.....................        11        15        15        20        20        27        27        35
Strawberries....................        10        14        14        19        19        27        27        35
Youngberries....................  ........        14        14        19        19        24        24        35
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(a) ``Slightly sweetened water.'' (b) ``Light sirup.'' (c) ``Heavy sirup.'' (d) ``Extra heavy sirup.''

    (4) Optional ingredients. The optional ingredients referred to in 
paragraph (a)(1) of this section are:
    (i) Natural and artificial flavors.
    (ii) Calcium salts as firming agents provided that the calcium added 
is no more than 0.035 percent, calculated as calcium, of the weight of 
the finished canned berries.
    (iii) Organic acids.
    (5) Labeling requirements. (i) The name of the food is the 
appropriate name of the berry ingredient specified in paragraph (a)(2) 
of this section.
    (ii) The name of the packing medium, as used in paragraph (a)(3)(i) 
of this section preceded by ``In'' or ``Packed in.'' as provided in 
paragraph (a)(3) of this section and, in the case of raspberries other 
than red raspberries provided for in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, 
the name of such packing medium and the color of such raspberry shall be 
included as part of the name or in close proximity to the name of the 
food. When the liquid portion of the packing media provided for in 
paragraphs (a)(3) (i) and (ii) of this section consists of fruit 
juice(s), such juice(s) shall be designated in the name of the packing 
medium as:
    (a) In the cases of a single fruit juice, the name of the juice 
shall be used in lieu of the word ``fruit'';
    (b) In the case of a combination of two or more fruit juices, the 
names of the juices in the order of predominance by weight shall either 
be used in lieu of the word ``fruit'' in the name of the packing medium, 
or be declared on the label as specified in paragraph (a)(3) of this 
section; and
    (c) In the case of a single fruit juice or a combination of two or 
more fruit juices any of which are made from concentrate(s), the words 
``from concentrate(s)'' shall follow the word ``juice(s)'' in the name 
of the packing medium and in the name(s) of such juice(s) when declared 
as specified in paragraph (a)(5)(iii) of this section.
    (iii) Whenever the names of the fruit juices used do not appear in 
the name of the packing medium as provided in paragraph (a)(5)(ii)(b) of 
this section, such names and the words ``from concentrate'', as 
specified in paragraph (a)(5)(ii)(c) of this section, shall appear in an 
ingredient statement pursuant to the requirements of Sec.  101.3(d) of 
this chapter.
    (iv) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter.
    (b) [Reserved]

[46 FR 2339, Jan. 9, 1981; 47 FR 6426, Feb. 12, 1982, as amended at 48 
FR 2748, Jan. 21, 1983; 58 FR 2879, Jan. 6, 1993]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 145, Section 120


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