GrokFood Home
Loading

145.110 Canned applesauce.

Home > Regulations > Canned fruits > 145.110 Canned applesauce.



[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR145.110]

[Page 399-400]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 145_CANNED FRUITS--Table of Contents
 
     Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned Fruits
 
Sec.  145.110  Canned applesauce.


    (a) Identity--(1) Definition. Canned applesauce is the food prepared 
from comminuted or chopped apples (Malus domestica Borkhausen), which 
may or may not be peeled and cored, and which may have added thereto one 
or more of the optional ingredients specified in paragraph (a)(2) of 
this section. The apple ingredient is heated and, in accordance with 
good manufacturing practices, bruised apple particles, peel, seed, core 
material, carpel tissue, and other coarse, hard, or extraneous materials 
are removed. The food is sealed in containers. It is so processed by 
heat, either before or after sealing, as to prevent spoilage. The 
soluble solids content, measured by refractometer and expressed as 
percent sucrose (degrees Brix) with correction for temperature to the 
equivalent at 20 [deg]C (68 [deg]F), is not less than 9 percent 
(exclusive of the solids of any added optional nutritive carbohydrate 
sweeteners) as determined by the method prescribed in ``Official Methods 
of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists,'' 13th 
Ed. (1980), section 22.024, ``Soluble Solids by Refractometer in Fresh 
and Canned Fruits, Jams, Marmalades, and Preserves--Official First 
Action,'' which is incorporated by reference, but without correction for 
invert sugar or other substances. Copies may be obtained from the AOAC 
INTERNATIONAL, 481 North Frederick Ave., suite 500, Gaithersburg, MD 
20877, or may be examined at the National Archives and Records 
Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this 
material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/
federal--register/code--of--federal--regulations/ibr--locations.html.
    (2) Optional ingredients. The following safe and suitable optional 
ingredients may be used:
    (i) Water.
    (ii) Apple juice.
    (iii) Salt.
    (iv) Any organic acid added for the purpose of acidification. 
(Organic acids generally recognized as having a preservative effect are 
not permitted in applesauce except as provided for in paragraph 
(a)(2)(viii) of this section.)
    (v) Nutritive carbohydrate sweeteners.
    (vi) Spices.
    (vii) Natural and artificial flavoring.
    (viii) Either of the following:
    (a) Erythorbic acid or ascorbic acid as an antioxidant preservative 
in an amount not to exceed 150 parts per million; or
    (b) Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in a quantity such that the total 
vitamin C in each 113 g (4 ounces) by weight of the finished food 
amounts to 60 mg. This requirement will be deemed to have been met if a 
reasonable overage of the vitamin, within limits of good manufacturing 
practice, is present to insure that the required level is maintained 
throughout the expected shelf life of the food under customary 
conditions of distribution.
    (ix) Color additives in such quantity as to distinctly characterize 
the food unless such addition conceals damage or inferiority or makes 
the finished food appear better or of greater value than it is.
    (3) Nomenclature. The name of the food is ``applesauce''. The name 
of the food shall include a declaration indicating the presence of any 
flavoring that characterizes the product as specified in Sec.  101.22 of 
this chapter and a declaration of any spice that characterizes the 
product. If a nutritive sweetener as provided for in paragraph (a)(2)(v) 
of this section is added and the soluble solids content of the finished 
food is not less than 16.5 percent as determined by the method referred 
to in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, the

[[Page 400]]

name may include the word ``sweetened''. If no such sweetener is added, 
the name may include the word ``unsweetened''.
    (4) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter. However, when ascorbic acid (vitamin 
C) is added as provided for in paragraph (a)(2)(viii)(b) of this 
section, after the application of heat to the apples, preservative 
labeling requirements do not apply.
    (b) [Reserved]
    (c) Fill of container. (1) The standard of fill of container for 
canned applesauce is a fill of not less than 90 percent of the total 
capacity of the container, as determined by the general method for fill 
of containers prescribed in Sec.  130.12(b) of this chapter; except that 
in the case of glass containers having a total capacity of 192 ml (6\1/
2\ fluid ounces) or less, the fill is not less than 85 percent.
    (2) Sampling and acceptance procedure: A lot will be deemed to fall 
below the standard of fill when the number of ``defectives'' exceeds the 
acceptance number ``c'' in the sampling plans prescribed in paragraph 
(c)(2)(ii) of this section.
    (i) Definitions of terms to be used in the sampling plans in 
paragraph (c)(2)(ii) of this section are as follows:
    (a) Lot. A collection of primary containers or units of the same 
size, type, and style manufactured or packed under similar conditions 
and handled as a single unit of trade.
    (b) Lot size. The number of primary containers or units in the lot.
    (c) Sample size ``n.'' The total number of sample units drawn for 
examination from a lot as indicated in paragraph (c)(2)(ii) of this 
section.
    (d) Sample unit. A container, the entire contents of a container, a 
portion of the contents of a container, or a composite mixture of 
product from small containers that is sufficient for examination or 
testing as a single unit.
    (e) Defective. A container that falls below the requirement for 
minimum fill prescribed in paragraph (c)(1) of this section is 
considered a ``defective.''
    (f) Acceptable number ``c.'' The maximum number of defective sample 
units permitted in the sample in order to consider the lot as meeting 
the specified requirements.
    (g) Acceptable quality level (AQL). The maximum percent of defective 
sample units permitted in a lot that will be accepted approximately 95 
percent of the time.
    (ii) Sampling and acceptance:

                   Acceptable quality level (AQL) 6.5
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      Size of container
           Lot size (primary containers)           ---------------------
                                                      n \1\      c \2\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
             net weight equal to or less than 1 kg (2.2 lb)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
4,800 or less.....................................         13          2
4,801 to 24,000...................................         21          3
24,001 to 48,000..................................         29          4
48,001 to 84,000..................................         48          6
84,001 to 144,000.................................         84          9
144,001 to 240,000................................        126         13
Over 240,000......................................        200         19
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 net weight greater than 1 kg (2.2 lb) but not more than 4.5 kg (10 lb)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
2,400 or less.....................................         13          2
2,401 to 15,000...................................         21          3
15,001 to 24,000..................................         29          4
24,001 to 42,000..................................         48          6
42,001 to 72,000..................................         84          9
72,001 to 120,000.................................        126         13
Over 120,000......................................        200         19
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 net weight greater than 4.5 kg (10 lb)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
600 or less.......................................         13          2
601 to 2,000......................................         21          3
2,001 to 7,200....................................         29          4
7,201 to 15,000...................................         48          6
15,001 to 24,000..................................         84          9
24,001 to 42,000..................................        126         13
Over 42,000.......................................        200         19
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ n=number of primary containers in sample.
\2\ c=acceptance number.

    (3) If canned applesauce falls below the standard of fill of 
container prescribed in paragraph (c)(1) of this section, the label 
shall bear the general statement of substandard fill specified in Sec.  
130.14(b) of this chapter, in the manner and form therein specified.

[42 FR 14414, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 47 FR 11829, Mar. 19, 1982; 
49 FR 10099, Mar. 19, 1984; 54 FR 24894, June 12, 1989; 58 FR 2879, Jan. 
6, 1993; 63 FR 14035, Mar. 24, 1998]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 145, Section 110


Home | About | Search