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133.182 Soft ripened cheeses.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR133.182]

[Page 349-350]
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
  Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related 
Sec.  133.182  Soft ripened cheeses.

    (a) The cheeses for which definitions and standards of identity are 
prescribed by this section are soft ripened cheeses for which 
specifically applicable definitions and standards of identity are not 
prescribed by other sections of this part. They are made from milk and 
other ingredients specified in this section, by the procedure set forth

[[Page 350]]

in paragraph (b) of this section. Their solids contain not less than 50 
percent of milkfat, as determined by the methods prescribed in Sec.  
133.5(a), (b), and (d). If the milk used is not pasteurized, the cheese 
so made is cured at a temperature of not less than 35 [deg]F for not 
less than 60 days.
    (b) Milk, which may be pasteurized or clarified or both, and which 
may be warmed, is subjected to the action of harmless lactic-acid-
producing bacteria or other harmless flavor-producing bacteria, present 
in such milk or added thereto. Sufficient rennet, rennet paste, extract 
of rennet paste, or other safe and suitable milk-clotting enzyme that 
produces equivalent curd formation, singly or in any combination (with 
or without purified calcium chloride in a quantity not more than 0.02 
percent, calculated as anhydrous calcium chloride, of the weight of the 
milk) is added to set the milk to a semisolid mass. Harmless artificial 
coloring may be added. After coagulation the mass is so treated as to 
promote and regulate the separation of whey and curd. Such treatment may 
include one or more of the following: Cutting, stirring, heating, 
dilution with water or brine. The whey, or part of it, is drained off, 
and the curd is collected and shaped. It may be placed in forms, and may 
be pressed. Harmless flavor-producing microorganisms may be added. It is 
cured under conditions suitable for development of biological curing 
agents on the surface of the cheese, and the curing is conducted so that 
the cheese cures from the surface toward the center. Salt may be added 
during the procedure. A harmless preparation of enzymes of animal or 
plant origin capable of aiding in the curing or development of flavor of 
soft ripened cheeses may be added, in such quantity that the weight of 
the solids of such preparation is not more than 0.1 percent of the 
weight of the milk used.
    (c) For the purposes of this section:
    (1) The word ``milk'' means cow's milk or goat's milk or sheep's 
milk or mixtures of two or all of these. Such milk may be adjusted by 
separating part of the fat therefrom or (in the case of cow's milk) by 
adding one or more of the following: Cream, skim milk, concentrated skim 
milk, nonfat dry milk; (in the case of goat's milk) the corresponding 
products from goat's milk; (in the case of sheep's milk) the 
corresponding products from sheep's milk; water, in a quantity 
sufficient to reconstitute any such concentrated or dried products used.
    (2) Milk shall be deemed to have been pasteurized if it has been 
held at a temperature of not less than 143 [deg]F for a period of not 
less than 30 minutes, or for a time and at a temperature equivalent 
thereto in phosphatase destruction.
    (d) The name of each soft ripened cheese for which a definition and 
standard of identity is prescribed by this section is ``Soft ripened 
cheese'', preceded or followed by:
    (1) The specific common or usual name of such soft ripened cheese, 
if any such name has become generally recognized therefor; or
    (2) If no such specific common or usual name has become generally 
recognized therefor, an arbitrary or fanciful name which is not false or 
misleading in any particular.
    (e) When milk other than cow's milk is used in whole or in part, the 
name of the cheese includes the statement ``made from ------'', the 
blank being filled in with the name or names of the milk used, in order 
of predominance by weight.
    (f) Each of the ingredients used in the food shall be declared on 
the label as required by the applicable sections of parts 101 and 130 of 
this chapter.

[42 FR 14366, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 49 FR 10095, Mar. 19, 1984; 
58 FR 2895, Jan. 6, 1993]

Additives that reference this regulation:

Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 133, Section 182

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