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133.169 Pasteurized process cheese.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR133.169]

[Page 340-342]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 133_CHEESES AND RELATED CHEESE PRODUCTS--Table of Contents
 
  Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related 
                                Products
 
Sec.  133.169  Pasteurized process cheese.

    (a)(1) Pasteurized process cheese is the food prepared by 
comminuting and mixing, with the aid of heat, one or more cheeses of the 
same or two or more varieties, except cream cheese, neufchatel cheese, 
cottage cheese, lowfat cottage cheese, cottage cheese dry curd, cook 
cheese, hard grating cheese, semisoft part-skim cheese, part-skim spiced 
cheese, and skim milk cheese for manufacturing with an emulsifying agent 
prescribed by paragraph (c) of this section into a homogeneous plastic 
mass. One or more of the optional ingredients designated in paragraph 
(d) of this section may be used.
    (2) During its preparation, pasteurized process cheese is heated for 
not less than 30 seconds at a temperature of not less than 150 [deg]F. 
When tested for phosphatase by the method prescribed in Sec.  133.5(c), 
the phenol equivalent of 0.25 gram of pasteurized process cheese is not 
more than 3 micrograms.
    (3)(i) The moisture content of a pasteurized process cheese made 
from a single variety of cheese is not more than 1 percent greater than 
the maximum moisture content prescribed by the definition and standard 
of identity, if any there be, for the variety of cheese used; but in no 
case is more than 43 percent, except that the moisture content of 
pasteurized process washed curd cheese or pasteurized process colby 
cheese is not more than 40 percent; the moisture content of pasteurized 
process swiss cheese or pasteurized process gruyere cheese is not more 
than 44 percent; and the moisture content of pasteurized process 
limburger cheese is not more than 51 percent.
    (ii) The fat content of the solids of a pasteurized process cheese 
made from a single variety of cheese is not less than the minimum 
prescribed by the definition and standard of identity, if any there be, 
for the variety of cheese used, but in no case is less than 47 percent; 
except that the fat content of the solids of pasteurized process swiss 
cheese is not less than 43 percent, and the fat content of the solids of 
pasteurized process gruyere cheese is not less than 45 percent.
    (4)(i) The moisture content of a pasteurized process cheese made 
from two or more varieties of cheese is not more than 1 percent greater 
than the arithmetical average of the maximum moisture contents 
prescribed by the definitions and standards of identity, if any there 
be, for the varieties of cheese used; but in no case is the moisture 
content more than 43 percent, except that the moisture content of a 
pasteurized process cheese made from two or more of the varieties 
cheddar cheese, washed curd cheese, colby cheese, and granular cheese is 
not more than 40 percent, and the moisture content of a mixture of swiss 
cheese and gruyere cheese is not more than 44 percent.
    (ii) The fat content of the solids of a pasteurized process cheese 
made from two or more varieties of cheese is not less than the 
arithmetical average of the minimum fat contents prescribed by the 
definitions and standards of identity, if any there be, for the 
varieties of cheese used, but in no case is less than 47 percent, except 
that the fat content of the solids of a pasteurized process gruyere 
cheese made from a mixture of swiss cheese and gruyere cheese is not 
less than 45 percent.
    (5) Moisture and fat are determined by the methods prescribed in 
Sec.  133.5(a), (b), and (d).

[[Page 341]]

    (6) The weight of each variety of cheese in a pasteurized process 
cheese made from two varieties of cheese is not less than 25 percent of 
the total weight of both, except that the weight of blue cheese, nuworld 
cheese, roquefort cheese, or gorgonzola cheese is not less than 10 
percent of the total weight of both, and the weight of limburger cheese 
is not less than 5 percent of the total weight of both. The weight of 
each variety of cheese in a pasteurized process cheese made from three 
or more varieties of cheese is not less than 15 percent of the total 
weight of all, except that the weight of blue cheese, nuworld cheese, 
roquefort cheese, or gorgonzola cheese is not less than 5 percent of the 
total weight of all, and the weight of limburger cheese is not less than 
3 percent of the total weight of all. These limits do not apply to the 
quantity of cheddar cheese, washed curd cheese, colby cheese and 
granular cheese in mixtures which are designated as ``American cheese'' 
as prescribed in paragraph (e)(2)(ii) of this section. Such mixtures are 
considered as one variety of cheese for the purposes of this paragraph 
(a)(6).
    (7) For the purposes of this section, cheddar cheese for 
manufacturing, washed curd cheese for manufacturing, colby cheese for 
manufacturing, granular cheese for manufacturing, brick cheese for 
manufacturing, muenster cheese for manufacturing, and swiss cheese for 
manufacturing are considered as cheddar cheese, washed curd cheese, 
colby cheese, granular cheese, brick cheese, muenster cheese, and swiss 
cheese, respectively.
    (b) Pasteurized process cheese may be smoked, or the cheese or 
cheeses from which it is made may be smoked, before comminuting and 
mixing, or it may contain substances prepared by condensing or 
precipitating wood smoke.
    (c) The emulsifying agent referred to in paragraph (a) of this 
section is one or any mixture of two or more of the following: 
Monosodium phosphate, disodium phosphate, dipotassium phosphate, 
trisodium phosphate, sodium metaphosphate (sodium hexametaphosphate), 
sodium acid pyrophosphate, tetrasodium pyrophosphate, sodium aluminum 
phosphate, sodium citrate, potassium citrate, calcium citrate, sodium 
tartrate, and sodium potassium tartrate, in such quantity that the 
weight of the solids of such emulsifying agent is not more than 3 
percent of the weight of the pasteurized process cheese.
    (d) The optional ingredients referred to in paragraph (a) of this 
section are:
    (1) An acidifying agent consisting of one or any mixture of two or 
more of the following: A vinegar, lactic acid, citric acid, acetic acid, 
and phosphoric acid, in such quantity that the pH of the pasteurized 
process cheese is not below 5.3.
    (2) Cream, anhydrous milkfat, dehydrated cream, or any combination 
of two or more of these, in such quantity that the weight of the fat 
derived therefrom is less than 5 percent of the weight of the 
pasteurized process cheese.
    (3) Water.
    (4) Salt.
    (5) Harmless artificial coloring.
    (6) Spices or flavorings, other than any which singly or in 
combination with other ingredients simulate the flavor of a cheese of 
any age or variety.
    (7) Pasteurized process cheese in the form of slices or cuts in 
consumer-sized packages may contain an optional mold-inhibiting 
ingredient consisting of not more than 0.2 percent by weight of sorbic 
acid, potassium sorbate, sodium sorbate, or any combination of two or 
more of these, or consisting of not more than 0.3 percent by weight of 
sodium propionate, calcium propionate, or a combination of sodium 
propionate and calcium propionate.
    (8) Pasteurized process cheese in the form of slices or cuts in 
consumer-sized packages may contain lecithin as an optional anti-
sticking agent in an amount not to exceed 0.03 percent by weight of the 
finished product.
    (9) Safe and suitable enzyme modified cheese.
    (e) The name of a pasteurized process cheese for which a definition 
and standard of identity is prescribed by this section is as follows:
    (1) In case it is made from a single variety of cheese, its name is 
``Pasteurized process ------ cheese'', the blank being filled in with 
the name of the variety of cheese used.

[[Page 342]]

    (2) In case it is made from two or more varieties of cheese, its 
name is ``Pasteurized process ------ and ------ cheese'', or 
``Pasteurized process ------ blended with ------ cheese'', or 
``Pasteurized process blend of ------ and ------ cheese'', the blanks 
being filled in with the names of the varieties of cheeses used, in 
order of predominance by weight; except that:
    (i) In case it is made from gruyere cheese and swiss cheese, and the 
weight of gruyere cheese is not less than 25 percent of the weight of 
both, it may be designated ``Pasteurized process gruyere cheese''; and
    (ii) In case it is made of cheddar cheese, washed curd cheese, colby 
cheese, or granular cheese or any mixture of two or more of these, it 
may be designated ``Pasteurized process American cheese''; or when 
cheddar cheese, washed curd cheese, colby cheese, granular cheese, or 
any mixture of two or more of these is combined with other varieties of 
cheese in the cheese ingredient, any of such cheeses or such mixture may 
be designated as ``American cheese''.


The full name of the food shall appear on the principal display panel of 
the label in type of uniform size, style, and color. Wherever any word 
or statement emphasizing the name of any ingredient appears on the label 
(other than in an ingredient statement as specified in paragraph (g) of 
this section) so conspicuously as to be easily seen under customary 
conditions of purchase, the full name of the food shall immediately and 
conspicuously precede or follow such word or statement in type of at 
least the same size as the type used in such word or statement.
    (f) The name of the food shall include a declaration of any 
flavoring, including smoke and substances prepared by condensing or 
precipitating wood smoke, that characterizes the product as specified in 
Sec.  101.22 of this chapter and a declaration of any spice that 
characterizes the product.
    (g) Each of the ingredients used in the food shall be declared on 
the label as required by the applicable sections of parts 101 and 130 of 
this chapter, except that cheddar cheese, washed curd cheese, colby 
cheese, granular cheese, or any mixture of two or more of these may be 
designated as ``American cheese''.

[42 FR 14366, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 49 FR 10095, Mar. 19, 1984; 
58 FR 2894, Jan. 6, 1993]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 133, Section 169


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