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133.164 Nuworld cheese.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR133.164]

[Page 338]
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
  Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related 
Sec.  133.164  Nuworld cheese.

    (a) Description. (1) Nuworld cheese is the food prepared by the 
procedure set forth in paragraph (a)(2) of this section or by any other 
procedure which produces a finished cheese having the same physical and 
chemical properties. It is characterized by the presence of creamy-white 
mold, a white mutant of Penicillium roquefortii, throughout the cheese. 
The minimum milkfat content is 50 percent by weight of the solids and 
the maximum moisture content is 46 percent by weight, as determined by 
the methods described in Sec.  133.5. The dairy ingredients used may be 
pasteurized. Nuworld cheese is at least 60 days old.
    (2) One or more of the dairy ingredients specified in paragraph 
(b)(1) of this section may be warmed and is subjected to the action of a 
lactic acid-producing bacterial culture. One or more of the clotting 
enzymes specified in paragraph (b)(2) of this section is added to set 
the dairy ingredients to a semisolid mass. The mass is cut into smaller 
portions and allowed to stand for a time. The mixed curd and whey is 
placed into forms permitting further drainage. While being placed in 
forms, spores of a white mutant of the mold Penicillium roquefortii are 
added. The forms are turned several times during drainage. When 
sufficiently drained, the shaped curd is removed from the forms and 
salted with dry salt or brine. Perforations are then made in the shaped 
curd and it is held at a temperature of approximately 50 [deg]F at 90 to 
95 percent relative humidity, until the characteristic mold growth has 
developed. During storage, the surface of the cheese may be scraped to 
remove surface growth of undesirable microorganisms. One or more of the 
other optional ingredients specified in paragraph (b)(3) of this section 
may be added during the procedure.
    (b) Optional ingredients. The following safe and suitable 
ingredients may be used:
    (1) Dairy ingredients. Milk, nonfat milk, or cream, as defined in 
Sec.  133.3, used alone or in combination.
    (2) Clotting enzymes. Rennet and/or other clotting enzymes of 
animal, plant, or microbial origin.
    (3) Other optional ingredients. (i) Blue or green color in an amount 
to neutralize the natural yellow color of the curd.
    (ii) Calcium chloride in an amount not more than 0.02 percent 
(calculated as anhydrous calcium chloride) of the weight of the dairy 
ingredients, used as a coagulation aid.
    (iii) Enzymes of animal, plant, or microbial origin, used in curing 
or flavor development.
    (c) Nomenclature. The name of the food is ``nuworld cheese''.
    (d) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter, except that:
    (1) Enzymes of animal, plant, or microbial origin may be declared as 
``enzymes''; and
    (2) The dairy ingredients may be declared, in descending order of 
predominance, by the use of the terms ``milkfat and nonfat milk'' or 
``nonfat milk and milkfat'', as appropriate.

[54 FR 32058, Aug. 4, 1989, as amended at 58 FR 2894, Jan. 6, 1993]

Additives that reference this regulation:

Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 133, Section 164

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