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133.156 Low-moisture mozzarella and scamorza cheese.

Home > Regulations > Cheeses and related cheese products > 133.156 Low-moisture mozzarella and scamorza cheese.



[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR133.156]

[Page 335-336]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 133_CHEESES AND RELATED CHEESE PRODUCTS--Table of Contents
 
  Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related 
                                Products
 
Sec.  133.156  Low-moisture mozzarella and scamorza cheese.

    (a) Description. (1) Low-moisture mozzarella cheese, low-moisture 
scamorza cheese is the food prepared from dairy ingredients and other 
ingredients specified in this section by the procedure set forth in 
paragraph (a)(3) of this section, or by any other procedure which 
produces a finished cheese having the same physical and chemical 
properties. It may be molded into various shapes. The minimum milkfat 
content is 45 percent by weight of the solids and the moisture content 
is more than 45 percent but not more than 52 percent by weight as 
determined by the methods described in Sec.  133.5. The dairy 
ingredients are pasteurized.
    (2) The phenol equivalent value of 0.25 gram of low-moisture 
mozzarella cheese is not more than 3 micrograms as determined by the 
method described in Sec.  133.5.
    (3) One or more of the dairy ingredients specified in paragraph 
(b)(1) of this section may be warmed and is subjected to the action of a 
lactic acid-producing bacterial culture. One or more of the clotting 
enzymes specified in paragraph (b)(2) of this action is added to set the 
dairy ingredients to a semisolid mass. The mass is cut, stirred, and 
allowed to stand. It may be reheated and again stirred. The whey is 
drained and the curd may be cut and piled to promote further separation 
of whey. It may be washed with cold water and the water drained off. The 
curd may be collected in bundles for further drainage and for ripening. 
The curd may be iced, it may be held under refrigeration, and it may be 
permitted to warm to room temperature and ripen further. The curd may be 
cut. It is immersed in hot water or heated with steam and is kneaded and 
stretched until smooth and free of lumps. It is then cut and molded. In 
molding, the curd is kept sufficiently warm to cause proper sealing of 
the surface. The molded curd is firmed by immersion in cold water and 
drained. One or more of the other optional ingredients specified in 
paragraph (b)(3) of this section may be added during the procedure.
    (b) Optional ingredients. The following safe and suitable 
ingredients may be used:
    (1) Dairy ingredients. Cow's milk, nonfat milk, or cream, as defined 
in Sec.  133.3, or the corresponding products of water buffalo origin, 
except that cow's milk products are not combined with water buffalo 
products.
    (2) Clotting enzymes. Rennet and/or clotting enzymes of animal, 
plant, or microbial origin.
    (3) Other optional ingredients. (i) Vinegar.
    (ii) Coloring to mask any natural yellow color in the curd.
    (iii) Salt.
    (iv) Calcium chloride in an amount not more than 0.02 percent 
(calculated as anhydrous calcium chloride) of the weight of the dairy 
ingredients, used as a coagulation aid.
    (v) Antimycotics, the cumulative levels of which shall not exceed 
current

[[Page 336]]

good manufacturing practices, may be added to the cheese during the 
kneading and stretching process and/or applied to the surface of the 
cheese.
    (c) Nomenclature. The names of the food is ``low-moisture mozzarella 
cheese'' or, alternatively, ``low-moisture scamorza cheese''. When the 
food is made with water buffalo milk, the name of the food is 
accompanied by the phrase ``made with water buffalo milk''.
    (d) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter, except that:
    (1) Enzymes of animal, plant, or microbial origin may be declared as 
``enzymes''; and
    (2) The dairy ingredients may be declared, in descending order of 
predominance, by the use of the terms ``milkfat and nonfat milk'' or 
``nonfat milk and milkfat'', ``milkfat from water buffalo milk and 
nonfat water buffalo milk'' or ``nonfat water buffalo ) The dairy 
ingredients may be declared, in descending order of predominance, by the 
use of the terms ``milkfat and nonfat milk'' or ``nonfat milk and 
milkfat'', ``milkfat from water buffalo milk and nonfat water buffalo 
milk'' or ``nonfat water buffalo milk and milkfat from water buffalo 
milk'', as appropriate.

[53 FR 3743, Feb. 9, 1988, as amended at 58 FR 2893, Jan. 6, 1993]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 133, Section 156


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