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133.149 Gruyere cheese.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR133.149]

[Page 330-331]
 
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
 
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN 
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
 
PART 133_CHEESES AND RELATED CHEESE PRODUCTS--Table of Contents
 
  Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related 
                                Products
 
Sec.  133.149  Gruyere cheese.

    (a) Description. (1) Gruyere cheese is the food prepared by the 
procedure set forth in paragraph (a)(3) of this section or by any other 
procedure which produces a finished cheese having the same physical and 
chemical properties. It contains small holes or eyes. It has a mild 
flavor, due in part to the growth of surface-curing agents. The minimum 
milkfat content is 45 percent by weight of the solids and the maximum 
moisture content is 39 percent by weight, as determined by the methods 
described in Sec.  133.5. The dairy ingredients used may be pasteurized. 
The cheese is at least 90 days old.
    (2) If pasteurized dairy ingredients are used, the phenol equivalent 
value of 0.25 gram of gruyere cheese is not more than 3 micrograms as 
determined by the method described in Sec.  133.5.
    (3) One or more of the dairy ingredients specified in paragraph 
(b)(1) of this section may be warmed and is subjected to the action of 
lactic acid-producing and propionic acid-producing bacterial cultures. 
One or more of the clotting enzymes specified in paragraph (b)(2) of 
this section is added to set the dairy ingredients to a semisolid

[[Page 331]]

mass. The mass is cut into particles similar in size to wheat kernels. 
For about 30 minutes the particles are alternately stirred and allowed 
to settle. The temperature is raised to about 126 [deg]F. Stirring is 
continued until the curd becomes firm. The curd is transferred to hoops 
or forms, and pressed until the desired shape and firmness are obtained. 
The cheese is surface-salted while held at a temperature of 48[deg] to 
54 [deg]F for a few days. It is soaked for 1 day in a saturated salt 
solution. It is then held for 3 weeks in a salting cellar and wiped 
every 2 days with brine cloth to insure growth of biological curing 
agents on the rind. It is then removed to a heating room and held at 
progressively higher temperatures, finally reaching 65 [deg]F with a 
relative humidity of 85 to 90 percent, for several weeks, during which 
time small holes, or so-called eyes, form. The cheese is then stored at 
a lower temperature for further curing. One or more of the other 
optional ingredients specified in paragraph (b)(3) of this section may 
be added during the procedure.
    (b) Optional ingredients. The following safe and suitable 
ingredients may be used:
    (1) Dairy ingredients. Milk, nonfat milk, or cream, as defined in 
Sec.  133.3, used alone or in combination.
    (2) Clotting enzymes. Rennet and/or other clotting enzymes of 
animal, plant, or microbial origin.
    (3) Other optional ingredients. (i) Calcium chloride in an amount 
not more than 0.02 percent (calculated as anhydrous calcium chloride) of 
the weight of the dairy ingredients, used as a coagulation aid.
    (ii) Enzymes of animal, plant, or microbial origin, used in curing 
or flavor development.
    (iii) Antimycotic agents, applied to the surface of slices or cuts 
in consumer-sized packages.
    (c) Nomenclature. The name of the food is ``gruyere cheese''.
    (d) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter, except that:
    (1) Enzymes of animal, plant, or microbial origin may be declared as 
``enzymes''; and
    (2) The dairy ingredients may be declared, in descending order of 
predominance, by the use of the terms ``milkfat and nonfat milk'' or 
``nonfat milk and milkfat'', as appropriate.

[48 FR 2744, Jan. 21, 1983; 48 FR 11426, Mar. 18, 1983, as amended at 58 
FR 2893, Jan. 6, 1993]





Additives that reference this regulation:


Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 133, Section 149


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