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133.148 Hard grating cheeses.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR133.148]

[Page 329-330]
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
  Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related 
Sec.  133.148  Hard grating cheeses.

    (a) The cheeses for which definitions and standards of identity are 
prescribed by this section are hard grating cheeses for which 
specifically applicable definitions and standards of identity are not 
prescribed by other sections of this part. They are made from milk and 
the other ingredients specified in this section, by the procedure set 
forth in paragraph (b) of this section. They contain not more than 34 
percent of moisture, and their solids contain not less than 32 percent 
of milkfat, as determined by the methods prescribed in Sec.  133.5 (a), 
(b), and (d). Hard grating cheeses are cured for not less than 6 months.
    (b) Milk, which may be pasteurized or clarified or both, and which 
may be warmed, is subjected to the action of

[[Page 330]]

harmless lactic-acid-producing bacteria or other harmless flavor-
producing bacteria, present in such milk or added thereto. Sufficient 
rennet, rennet paste, extract of rennet paste, or other safe and 
suitable milk-clotting enzyme that produces equivalent curd formation, 
singly or in any combination (with or without purified calcium chloride 
in a quantity not more than 0.02 percent, calculated as anhydrous 
calcium chloride, of the weight of the milk) is added to set the milk to 
a semisolid mass. Harmless artificial coloring may be added. The mass is 
cut into small particles, stirred, and heated. The curd is separated 
from the whey, drained, shaped into forms, pressed, salted, and cured. 
The rind may be colored or rubbed with vegetable oil or both. A harmless 
preparation of enzymes of animal or plant origin capable of aiding in 
the curing or development of flavor of hard grating cheese may be added 
during the procedure, in such quantity that the weight of the solids of 
such preparation is not more than 0.1 percent of the weight of the milk 
    (c) For the purposes of this section, the word ``milk'' means cow's 
milk or goat's milk or sheep's milk or mixtures of two or all of these. 
Such milk may be adjusted by separating part of the fat therefrom or (in 
the case of cow's milk) by adding one or more of the following: Cream, 
skim milk, concentrated skim milk, nonfat dry milk; (in the case of 
goat's milk) the corresponding products from goat's milk; (in the case 
of sheep's milk) the corresponding products from sheep's milk; water in 
a quantity sufficient to reconstitute any such concentrated or dried 
products used.
    (d) Safe and suitable antimycotic agent(s), the cumulative levels of 
which shall not exceed current good manufacturing practice, may be added 
to the surface of the cheese.
    (e) The name of each hard grating cheese for which a definition and 
standard of identity is prescribed by this section is ``Hard grating 
cheese'', preceded or followed by:
    (1) The specific common or usual name of such hard grating cheese, 
if any such name has become generally recognized therefor; or
    (2) If no such specific common or usual name has become generally 
recognized therefor, an arbitrary or fanciful name that is not false or 
misleading in any particular.
    (3) When milk other than cow's milk is used, in whole or in part, 
the statement ``made from ------'', the blank being filled in with the 
name or names of the milk used, in order of predominance by weight.
    (f) Label declaration: Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter, except that:
    (1) When milk other than cow's milk is used, in whole or in part, 
the common or usual name of each such milk ingredient shall be declared 
in order of predominance by weight; and
    (2) Enzymes of the animal, plant, or microbial origin may be 
declared as ``enzymes''.

[42 FR 14366, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 48 FR 49013, Oct. 24, 1983; 
49 FR 10094, Mar. 19, 1984; 58 FR 2893, Jan. 6, 1993]

Additives that reference this regulation:

Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 133, Section 148

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