[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 133_CHEESES AND RELATED CHEESE PRODUCTS--Table of Contents
Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related
Sec. 133.124 Cold-pack cheese food.
(a)(1) Cold-pack cheese food is the food prepared by comminuting and
mixing, without the aid of heat, one or more of the optional cheese
ingredients prescribed in paragraph (c) of this section with one or more
of the optional dairy ingredients prescribed in paragraph (d) of this
section, into a homogeneous plastic mass. One or more of the optional
ingredients specified in paragraph (e) of this section may be used.
(2) All cheeses used in a cold-pack cheese food are made from
pasteurized milk, or are held for not less than 60 days at a temperature
of not less than 35 [deg]F before being comminuted.
(3) The moisture content of a cold-pack cheese food is not more than
44 percent, and the fat content is not less than 23 percent.
(4) Moisture and fat are determined by the methods prescribed in
Sec. 133.5 (a), (b), and (d), except that in determining moisture the
loss in weight which occurs in drying for 5 hours, under the conditions
prescribed in such method, is taken as the weight of moisture.
(5) The weight of the cheese ingredient prescribed by paragraph
(a)(1) of this section constitutes not less than 51 percent of the
weight of the finished cold-pack cheese food.
(6) The weight of each variety of cheese in the cold-pack cheese
food made with two varieties of cheese is not less than 25 percent of
the total weight of both, except that the weight of blue cheese, nuworld
cheese, roquefort cheese, gorgonzola cheese, or limburger cheese is not
less than 10 percent of the total weight of both. The weight of each
variety of cheese in the cold-pack cheese food made with three or more
varieties of cheese is not less than 15 percent of the total weight of
all, except that the weight of blue cheese, nuworld cheese, roquefort
cheese, gorgonzola cheese, or limburger cheese is not less than 5
percent of the total weight of all. These limits do not apply to the
quantity of cheddar cheese, washed curd cheese, colby cheese, and
granular cheese in mixtures which are designated as ``American cheese''
as prescribed in paragraph (h)(5) of this section. Such mixtures are
considered as one variety of cheese for the purposes of this paragraph
(b) Cold-pack cheese food may be smoked, or the cheese or cheeses
from which it is made may be smoked, before comminuting and mixing, or
it may contain substances prepared by condensing or precipitating wood
(c) The optional cheese ingredients referred to in paragraph (a) of
this section are: One or more cheeses of the same or two or more
varieties, except that cream cheese, neufchatel cheese, cottage cheese,
creamed cottage cheese, cook cheese, and skim-milk cheese for
manufacturing are not used, and except that semisoft part-skim cheese,
part-skim spiced cheese, and hard grating cheese may not be used, alone
or in combination with each other, as the cheese ingredient.
(d) The optional dairy ingredients referred to in paragraph (a) of
this section are: Cream, milk, skim milk, buttermilk, cheese whey, any
of the foregoing from which part of the water has been removed,
anhydrous milkfat, dehydrated cream, skim milk cheese for manufacturing,
and albumin from cheese whey. All optional dairy ingredients used in
cold-pack cheese food are pasteurized or made from products that have
(e) The other optional ingredients referred to in paragraph (a) of
this section are:
(1) An acidifying agent consisting of one or any mixture of two or
more of the following: A vinegar, lactic acid, citric acid, acetic acid,
and phosphoric acid, in such quantity that the pH of the finished cold-
pack cheese food is not below 4.5.
(4) Harmless artificial coloring.
(5) Spices or flavorings, other than any which singly or in
combination with other ingredients simulate the flavor of cheese of any
age or variety.
(6) A sweetening agent consisting of one or any mixture of two or
more of the following: Sugar, dextrose, corn sugar, corn sirup, corn
sirup solids, glucose sirup, glucose sirup solids, maltose, malt sirup,
and hydrolyzed lactose, in a quantity necessary for seasoning.
(7) Cold-pack cheese food in consumer-sized packages may contain an
optional mold-inhibiting ingredient consisting of sorbic acid, potassium
sorbate, sodium sorbate, or any combination of two or more of these, in
an amount not to exceed 0.3 percent by weight, calculated as sorbic acid
or consisting of not more than 0.3 percent by weight of sodium
propionate, calcium propionate, or a combination of sodium propionate
and calcium propionate.
(8) In the preparation of cold-pack cheese food, guar gum or xanthan
gum, or both, may be used, but the total quantity of such ingredient or
combination is not to exceed 0.3 percent of the weight of the finished
food. When one or both such optional ingredients is used, dioctyl sodium
sulfosuccinate complying with the requirements of Sec. 172.810 of this
chapter may be used in a quantity not in excess of 0.5 percent by weight
of such ingredient or ingredients.
(f) The name of the food is ``cold-pack cheese food''. The full name
of the food shall appear on the principal display panel of the label in
type of uniform size, style, and color. Wherever any word or statement
emphasizing the name of (other than in an ingredient statement any
ingredient appears on
the label as specified in paragraph (h) of this section) so
conspicuously as to be easily seen under customary conditions of
purchase, the full name of the food shall immediately and conspicuously
precede or follow such word or statement in type of at least the same
size as the type used in such word or statement.
(g) The name of the food shall include a declaration of any
flavoring, including smoke and substances prepared by condensing or
precipitating wood smoke, that characterizes the product as specified in
Sec. 101.22 of this chapter and a declaration of any spice that
characterizes the product.
(h) Each of the ingredients used in the food shall be declared on
the label as required by the applicable sections of parts 101 and 130 of
this chapter, except that cheddar cheese, washed curd cheese, colby
cheese, granular cheese, or any mixture of two or more of these, may be
designated as ``American cheese''.
[42 FR 14366, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 49 FR 10093, Mar. 19, 1984;
58 FR 2892, Jan. 6, 1993]
Additives that reference this regulation: