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133.113 Cheddar cheese.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR133.113]

[Page 314-315]
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
  Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related 
Sec.  133.113  Cheddar cheese.

    (a) Description. (1) Cheddar cheese is the food prepared by the 
procedure set forth in paragraph (a)(3) of this section, or by any other 
procedure which produces a finished cheese having the same physical and 
chemical properties. The minimum milkfat content is 50 percent by weight 
of the solids, and the maximum moisture content is 39 percent by weight, 
as determined by the methods described in Sec.  133.5. If the dairy 
ingredients used are not pasteurized, the cheese is cured at a 
temperature of not less than 35 [deg]F for at least 60 days.
    (2) If pasteurized dairy ingredients are used, the phenol equivalent 
value of 0.25 gram of cheddar cheese is not more than 3 micrograms as 
determined by the method described in Sec.  133.5.
    (3) One or more of the dairy ingredients specified in paragraph 
(b)(1) of this section may be warmed, treated with hydrogen peroxide/
catalase, and is subjected to the action of a lactic acid-producing 
bacterial culture. One or more of the clotting enzymes specified in 
paragraph (b)(2) of this section is added to set the dairy ingredients 
to a semisolid mass. The mass is so cut, stirred, and heated with 
continued stirring, as to promote and regulate the separation of whey 
and curd. The whey is drained off, and the curd is matted into a 
cohesive mass. The mass is cut into slabs, which are so piled and 
handled as to promote the drainage of whey and the development of 
acidity. The slabs are then cut into pieces, which may be rinsed by 
sprinkling or pouring water over them, with free and continuous 
drainage; but the duration of such rinsing is so limited that only the 
whey on the surface of such pieces is removed. The curd is salted, 
stirred, further drained, and pressed into forms. One or more of the 
other optional ingredients specified in paragraph (b)(3) of this section 
may be added during the procedure.
    (b) Optional ingredients. The following safe and suitable 
ingredients may be used:
    (1) Dairy ingredients. Milk, nonfat milk, or cream, as defined in 
Sec. 133.3, used alone or in combination.
    (2) Clotting enzymes. Rennet and/or other clotting enzymes of 
animal, plant, or microbial origin.
    (3) Other optional ingredients. (i) Coloring.
    (ii) Calcium chloride in an amount not more than 0.02 percent 
(calculated as anhydrous calcium chloride) of the weight of the dairy 
ingredients, used as a coagulation aid.
    (iii) Enzymes of animal, plant, or microbial orgin, used in curing 
or flavor development.
    (iv) Antimycotic agents, applied to the surface of slices or cuts in 
consumer-sized packages.
    (v) Hydrogen peroxide, followed by a sufficient quantity of catalase 
preparation to eliminate the hydrogen peroxide. The weight of the 
hydrogen peroxide shall not exceed 0.05 percent of the weight of the 
milk and the weight of the catalase shall not exceed 20 parts per 
million of the weight of the milk treated.
    (c) Nomenclature. The name of the food is ``cheddar cheese''.
    (d) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter, except that:
    (1) Enzymes of animal, plant, or microbial origin may be declared as 
``enzymes''; and

[[Page 315]]

    (2) The dairy ingredients may be declared, in descending order or 
predominance, by the use of the terms ``milkfat and nonfat milk'' or 
``nonfat milk and milkfat'', as appropriate.

[48 FR 2743, Jan. 21, 1983; 48 FR 11426, Mar. 18, 1983, as amended at 58 
FR 2892, Jan. 6, 1993]

Additives that reference this regulation:

Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 133, Section 113

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