[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 133_CHEESES AND RELATED CHEESE PRODUCTS--Table of Contents
Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related
Sec. 133.113 Cheddar cheese.
(a) Description. (1) Cheddar cheese is the food prepared by the
procedure set forth in paragraph (a)(3) of this section, or by any other
procedure which produces a finished cheese having the same physical and
chemical properties. The minimum milkfat content is 50 percent by weight
of the solids, and the maximum moisture content is 39 percent by weight,
as determined by the methods described in Sec. 133.5. If the dairy
ingredients used are not pasteurized, the cheese is cured at a
temperature of not less than 35 [deg]F for at least 60 days.
(2) If pasteurized dairy ingredients are used, the phenol equivalent
value of 0.25 gram of cheddar cheese is not more than 3 micrograms as
determined by the method described in Sec. 133.5.
(3) One or more of the dairy ingredients specified in paragraph
(b)(1) of this section may be warmed, treated with hydrogen peroxide/
catalase, and is subjected to the action of a lactic acid-producing
bacterial culture. One or more of the clotting enzymes specified in
paragraph (b)(2) of this section is added to set the dairy ingredients
to a semisolid mass. The mass is so cut, stirred, and heated with
continued stirring, as to promote and regulate the separation of whey
and curd. The whey is drained off, and the curd is matted into a
cohesive mass. The mass is cut into slabs, which are so piled and
handled as to promote the drainage of whey and the development of
acidity. The slabs are then cut into pieces, which may be rinsed by
sprinkling or pouring water over them, with free and continuous
drainage; but the duration of such rinsing is so limited that only the
whey on the surface of such pieces is removed. The curd is salted,
stirred, further drained, and pressed into forms. One or more of the
other optional ingredients specified in paragraph (b)(3) of this section
may be added during the procedure.
(b) Optional ingredients. The following safe and suitable
ingredients may be used:
(1) Dairy ingredients. Milk, nonfat milk, or cream, as defined in
Sec. 133.3, used alone or in combination.
(2) Clotting enzymes. Rennet and/or other clotting enzymes of
animal, plant, or microbial origin.
(3) Other optional ingredients. (i) Coloring.
(ii) Calcium chloride in an amount not more than 0.02 percent
(calculated as anhydrous calcium chloride) of the weight of the dairy
ingredients, used as a coagulation aid.
(iii) Enzymes of animal, plant, or microbial orgin, used in curing
or flavor development.
(iv) Antimycotic agents, applied to the surface of slices or cuts in
(v) Hydrogen peroxide, followed by a sufficient quantity of catalase
preparation to eliminate the hydrogen peroxide. The weight of the
hydrogen peroxide shall not exceed 0.05 percent of the weight of the
milk and the weight of the catalase shall not exceed 20 parts per
million of the weight of the milk treated.
(c) Nomenclature. The name of the food is ``cheddar cheese''.
(d) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter, except that:
(1) Enzymes of animal, plant, or microbial origin may be declared as
(2) The dairy ingredients may be declared, in descending order or
predominance, by the use of the terms ``milkfat and nonfat milk'' or
``nonfat milk and milkfat'', as appropriate.
[48 FR 2743, Jan. 21, 1983; 48 FR 11426, Mar. 18, 1983, as amended at 58
FR 2892, Jan. 6, 1993]
Additives that reference this regulation: