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133.108 Brick cheese.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR133.108]

[Page 312-313]
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
  Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related 
Sec.  133.108  Brick cheese.

    (a) Description. (1) Brick cheese is the food prepared from dairy 
ingredients and other ingredients specified in this section by the 
procedure set forth in paragraph (a)(3) of this section, or by any other 
procedure which produces a finished cheese having the same physical and 
chemical properties. The minimum milkfat content is 50 percent by weight 
of the solids and the maximum moisture content is 44 percent by weight, 
as determined by the methods described in Sec.  133.5. If the dairy 
ingredients used are not pasteurized, the cheese is cured at a 
temperature of not less than 35 [deg]F for at least 60 days.
    (2) If pasteurized dairy ingredients are used, the phenol equivalent 
value of 0.25 gram of brick cheese is not more than 5 micrograms as 
determined by the method described in Sec.  133.5.
    (3) One or more of the dairy ingredients specified in paragraph 
(b)(1) of this section is brought to a temperature of about 88 [deg]F 
and subjected to the action of a lactic acid-producing bacterial 
culutre. One or more of the clotting enzymes specified in paragraph 
(b)(2) of this section is added to set the dairy ingredients to a 
semisolid mass. The mass is cut into cubes with sides approximately \3/
8\ inch long, and stirred and heated so that the temperature rises 
slowly to about 96 [deg]F. The stirring is continued until the curd is 
sufficiently firm. Part of the whey is then removed, and the mixture 
diluted with water or salt brine to control the acidity. The curd is 
transferred to forms, and drained. During drainage it is pressed and 
turned. After drainage the curd is salted, and the biological curing 
agents characteristic of brick cheese are applied to the surface. The 
cheese is then cured to develop the characteristics of brick cheese. One 
or more of the other optional ingredients specified in paragraph (b)(3) 
of this section may be added during the procedure.
    (b) Optional ingredients. The following safe and suitable 
ingredients may be used:
    (1) Dairy ingredients. Milk, nonfat milk, or cream, as defined in 
Sec.  133.3, used alone or in combination.
    (2) Clotting enzymes. Rennet and/or other clotting enzymes of 
animal, plant, or microbial origin.
    (3) Other optional ingredients. (i) Coloring.
    (ii) Calcium chloride in an amount not more than 0.02 percent 
(calculated as anhydrous calcium chloride) of the weight of the dairy 
ingredients, used as a coagulation aid.
    (iii) Enzymes of animal, plant, or microbial origin, used in curing 
or flavor development.
    (iv) Antimycotic agents, the cumulative level of which shall not 
exceed current good manufacturing practice, may be added to the surface 
of the cheese.
    (c) Nomenclature. The name of the food is ``brick cheese''.
    (d) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter, except that:
    (1) Enzymes of animal, plant, or microbial origin may be declared as 
``enzymes''; and
    (2) The dairy ingredients may be declared, in descending order of 
predominance, by the use of the terms ``milkfat

[[Page 313]]

and nonfat milk'' or ``nonfat milk and milkfat'', as appropriate.

[54 FR 32052, Aug. 4, 1989; 54 FR 35756, Aug. 29, 1989, as amended at 58 
FR 2892, Jan. 6, 1993; 58 FR 17105, Apr. 1, 1993]

Additives that reference this regulation:

Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 133, Section 108

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