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131.206 Nonfat yogurt.

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[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
[CITE: 21CFR131.206]

[Page 306-307]
                        TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
                          SERVICES (CONTINUED)
PART 131_MILK AND CREAM--Table of Contents
     Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Milk and Cream
Sec.  131.206  Nonfat yogurt.

    (a) Description. Nonfat yogurt is the food produced by culturing one 
or more of the optional dairy ingredients specified in paragraph (c) of 
this section with a characterizing bacterial culture that contains the 
lactic acid-producing bacteria, Lactobacillus bulgaricus and 
Streptococcus thermophilus. One or more of the other optional 
ingredients specified in paragraphs (b) and (d) of this section may also 
be added. When one or more of the ingredients specified in paragraph 
(d)(1) of this section are used, they shall be included in the culturing 
process. All ingredients used are safe and suitable. Nonfat yogurt, 
before the addition of bulky flavors, contains less than 0.5 percent 
milkfat and not less than 8.25 percent milk solids not fat, and has a 
titratable acidity of not less than 0.9 percent, expressed as lactic 
acid. The food may be homogenized and shall be pasteurized or ultra-
pasteurized prior to the addition of the bacterial culture. Flavoring 
ingredients may be added after pasteurization or ultra-pasteurization. 
To extend the shelf life of the food, nonfat yogurt may be heat treated 
after culturing is completed, to destroy viable microorganisms.
    (b) Vitamin addition (optional). (1) If added, vitamin A shall be 
present in such quantity that each 946 milliliters (quart) of the food 
contains not less

[[Page 307]]

than 2,000 International Units thereof, within limits of good 
manufacturing practice.
    (2) If added, vitamin D shall be present in such quantity that each 
946 milliliters (quart) of the food contains 400 International Units 
thereof, within limits of good manufacturing practice.
    (c) Optional dairy ingredients. Cream, milk, partially skimmed milk, 
or skim milk, used alone or in combination.
    (d) Other optional ingredients. (1) Concentrated skim milk, nonfat 
dry milk, buttermilk, whey, lactose, lactalbumins, lactoglobulins, or 
whey modified by partial or complete removal of lactose and/or minerals, 
to increase the nonfat solids content of the food: Provided, That the 
ratio of protein to total nonfat solids of the food, and the protein 
efficiency ratio of all protein present shall not be decreased as a 
result of adding such ingredients.
    (2) Nutritive carbohydrate sweeteners. Sugar (sucrose), beet or 
cane; invert sugar (in paste or sirup form); brown sugar; refiner's 
sirup; molasses (other than blackstrap); high fructose corn sirup; 
fructose; fructose sirup; maltose; maltose sirup, dried maltose sirup; 
malt extract, dired malt extract; malt sirup, dried malt sirup; honey; 
maple sugar; or any of the sweeteners listed in part 168 of this 
chapter, except table sirup.
    (3) Flavoring ingredients.
    (4) Color additives.
    (5) Stabilizers.
    (e) Methods of analysis. The following referenced methods of 
analysis are from ``Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of 
Official Analytical Chemists,'' 13th Ed. (1980), which is incorporated 
by reference. Copies are available from the AOAC INTERNATIONAL, 481 
North Frederick Ave., suite 500, Gaithersburg, MD 20877, or available 
for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration 
(NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, 
call 202-741-6030, or go to:
    (1) Milkfat content--As determined by the method prescribed in 
section 16.059, ``Roese-Gottlieb Method (Reference Method) (11)--
Official Final Action,'' under the heading ``Fat.''
    (2) Milk solids not fat content--Calculated by subtracting the 
milkfat content from the total solids content as determined by the 
method prescribed in section 16.032, ``Method I--Official Final 
Action,'' under the heading ``Total Solids.''
    (3) Titratable acidity--As determined by the method prescribed in 
section 16.023, ``Acidity (2)--Official Final Action,'' or by an 
equivalent potentiometric method.
    (f) Nomenclature. The name of the food is ``nonfat yogurt''. The 
full name of the food shall appear on the principal display panel of the 
label in type of uniform size, style, and color. The name of the food 
shall be accompanied by a declaration indicating the presence of any 
characterizing flavoring as specified in Sec.  101.22 of this chapter.
    (1) The following terms shall accompany the name of the food 
wherever it appears on the principal display panel or panels of the 
label in letters not less than one-half of the height of the letters 
used in such name:
    (i) The word ``sweetened'' if nutritive carbohydrate sweetener is 
added without the addition of characterizing flavoring.
    (ii) The parenthetical phrase ``(heat-treated after culturing)'' 
shall follow the name of the food if the dairy ingredients have been 
heat-treated after culturing.
    (iii) The phrase ``vitamin A'' or ``vitamin A added'', or ``vitamin 
D'' or ``vitamin D added'', or ``vitamins A and D added'', as 
appropriate. The word ``vitamin'' may be abbreviated ``vit''.
    (2) The term ``homogenized'' may appear on the label if the dairy 
ingredients used are homogenized.
    (g) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food 
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of 
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter.

[46 FR 9940, Jan. 30, 1981, as amended at 47 FR 11825, Mar. 19, 1982; 47 
FR 41524, Sept. 21, 1982; 48 FR 24869, June 3, 1983; 54 FR 24893, June 
12, 1989; 58 FR 2891, Jan. 6, 1993]

[[Page 308]]

Additives that reference this regulation:

Source: U.S. Code of Federal Regulations - CFR Title 21, Part 131, Section 206

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