[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 2]
[Revised as of April 1, 2006]
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access
TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN
PART 131_MILK AND CREAM--Table of Contents
Subpart B_Requirements for Specific Standardized Milk and Cream
Sec. 131.130 Evaporated milk.
(a) Description. Evaporated milk is the liquid food obtained by
partial removal of water only from milk. It contains not less than 6.5
percent by weight of milkfat, not less than 16.5 percent by weight of
milk solids not fat, and not less than 23 percent by weight of total
milk solids. Evaporated milk contains added vitamin D as prescribed by
paragraph (b) of this section. It is homogenized. It is sealed in a
container and so processed by heat, either before or after sealing, as
to prevent spoilage.
(b) Vitamin addition. (1) Vitamin D shall be present in such
quantity that each fluid ounce of the food contains 25 International
Units thereof within limits of good manufacturing practice.
(2) Addition of vitamin A is optional, If added, vitamin A shall be
present in such quantity that each fluid ounce of the food contains not
less than 125 International Units thereof within limits of good
(c) Optional ingredients. The following safe and suitable
ingredients may be used:
(1) Carriers for vitamins A and D.
(3) Stabilizers, with or without dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate (when
permitted by and complying with the provisions of Sec. 172.810 of this
chapter) as a solubilizing agent.
(4) Characterizing flavoring ingredients, with or without coloring
and nutritive carbohydrate sweeteners, as follows:
(i) Fruit and fruit juice, including concentrated fruit and fruit
(ii) Natural and artificial food flavoring.
(d) Methods of analysis. The following referenced methods of
analysis are from ``Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of
Official Analytical Chemists,'' 13th Ed. (1980), which is incorporated
by reference. Copies may be
obtained from the AOAC INTERNATIONAL, 481 North Frederick Ave., suite
500, Gaithersburg, MD 20877, or may be examined at the National Archives
and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability
of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://
(1) Milkfat content--``Fat--Official Final Action,'' section 16.172.
(2) Total milk solids--``Total Solids--Official Final Action,''
(3) Vitamin D content--``Vitamin D in Milk--Official Final Action,''
(e) Nomenclature. The name of the food is ``Evaporated milk.'' The
phrase ``vitamin D'' or ``vitamin D added'', or ``vitamins A and D'' or
``vitamins A and D added'', as is appropriate, shall immediately precede
or follow the name of the food wherever it appears on the principal
display panel or panels of the label in letters not less than one-half
the height of the letters used in such name. The name of the food shall
include a declaration of a the presence of any characterizing flavoring,
as specified in Sec. 101.22 of this chapter.
(f) Label declaration. Each of the ingredients used in the food
shall be declared on the label as required by the applicable sections of
parts 101 and 130 of this chapter.
[43 FR 21670, May 19, 1978, as amended at 47 FR 11823, Mar. 19, 1982; 49
FR 10091, Mar. 19, 1984; 54 FR 24892, June 12, 1989; 58 FR 2890, Jan. 6,
1993; 59 FR 17691, Apr. 14, 1994]
Additives that reference this regulation: